Apple Users' Group (Sydney) Apple II Disks 1 thru 52 (1980's) & MORE...


*** DISKS 1 - 52 ***

This collection comprises the first 52 Apple II disks produced by the Apple Users' Group of Sydney in the 1980s, with a wide assortment of Apple II programs.

They originally came supplied on 5.25" floppies in mostly DOS 3.3 format.


I used ShrinkIt to create disk archives of the complete set, backing them up to 3.5" 800K ProDOS disks (seven in total).

The downloadable ZIP archive contains all seven of these 800K disks in .2MG format

The ShrinkIt archives are denoted by S1 for side 1 of a 140K disk and S2 for side 2.

All are in DOS 3.3 format (except where noted) and will need 8-bit ShrinkIt to unpack.

An alternative under Windows is to use CiderPress to pull out the archives from the .2MG, then use the "Convert Disk Image" facility to convert them to 140K .DO (DOS 3.3), or more rarely .PO (ProDOS) image files - bootable under most Apple II emulators.  If the image crashes on boot, the original disk may have used a Disk Volume Number other than 254 (the DOS 3.3 default).  Try moving the files to a plain vanilla DOS image.  Or convert to 140K .2MG format and set the correct volume number using 2MG Properties Editor in CiderPress.  As ShrinkIt does store the volume number, unpacking to real 5.25" floppies on an Apple II machine should always work.



Apple Users Group Sydney Apple II Disks 1 thru

Detailed index of all the programs in the collection

Disclaimer: I'm making this set available for historical archival/preservation purposes, but must emphasize that all disks remain the property of the Apple Users' Group of Sydney (still very much alive today as AMUG Sydney).  I am not affiliated with that organization.  In general, should any materials on this site wind up in other places I can't take responsibility for how they are used or presented.  For the original context please refer back to this page.

^ 2015-10-26 (last revised 2016-07-24)


Steve Wozniak "The Woz" hits Perth during his August 2016 tour of New Zealand & Australia




In this section I intend to make available some Apple II software transferred from old floppy disks (5.25" or 3.5" physical media in my actual possession).

The transfers are generally accomplished using ADTPro on an Apple IIGS and Windows PC linked by serial cable.  A Super Serial Card installed in the IIGS has its jumper block configured for "Terminal" (null modem mode), and a standard serial cable runs from this to the COM port of the PC.  My other approach is to create the disk images on the IIGS using Asimov, then to drag and drop the files to a Windows PC running A2SERVER (Appleshare server), with a Mac PowerBook 3400c sitting in the middle as an Ethernet/Localtalk bridge.  TP-LINK AV500 powerline adapters are used to link the PowerBook to the PC's router, which are in different rooms.

The detailed PHOTO SLIDESHOW at the bottom of this page illustrates both approaches....


    8-bit Apple II Disk Images   


Taito Bubble Bobble - patched for infinite lives DISK 1   DISK 2



Game compilation  32 Apple II games on a 3.5" disk  - compiled 1990-91 by cvxmelody DISK (800K)  (video sampler of this disk is HERE)


Soft documentation collection  ~120 softdocs for Apple II games  - compiled 1991 by cvxmelody DISKS (800K) (2 disks - ZIP archive)


CP/M collection  37 Apple II CP/M disks  & more (ProDOS assortment etc.) - compiled 1991-92 by cvxmelody DISKS (800K) (8 disks - ZIP archive)



Epyx Impossible Mission II - The Apple Odessa crack DISK 1   DISK 2

 The Apple Odessa was a prolific Apple II cracking group based in Melbourne. They ran a BBS known as "The Black Board"


Click to read private BBS message from The Apple Odessa


Click to read a private BBS message I received from Negative Energy of The Apple Odessa on December 25, 1990 concerning their latest activities


Absolute Entertainment Crossbow (1988) - The Apple Odessa crack - for 128K Apple //e, //c, IIGS DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Music & game programs (Applesoft & Integer BASIC) (1981 compilation by J.Wenman) - Music Writer | Apple Organ | Solo Race (Indy 500) | Apple II Trek | Labyrinth | The Racing Game (by Bill Budge) | Piero | Add-Libs (by Apple Computer) | Rocket Pilot (by Robert J. Bishop) - first ever Apple II game!  [Read interview with Bob Bishop in Juiced.GS] DISK


Game compilation - Seafox (1982 Broderbund) | Pro Golf I (by Jim Wells, 1979 Softape) | Dynasty (by Weyman Fong, 1978 Apple Core) - improved version of Hammurabi | Blitzkrieg (by Mark Cross, 1979 Programma) | Apple '21' Blackjack (by Bill DePew, 1978 Softape) - Run 'INTEGER' first for Integer BASIC games (unless using the original Apple ][) DISK


Game compilation - Firebird (by Nasir, 1981 Gebelli Software) | Eliminator (1981 John Anderson) | Choplifter (1982 Broderbund) - cracked by Jay of A.P.P.L.E. DISK


Word Games - Puzzle Generator (by Creative Computing) | Crackaword (by B.A. McAndrew) | Boggle Run (by B.A. McAndrew) DISK


Elizabeth Computer Centre Elementary Mathematics (1980-82) - Kangaroos | Star Flight | Hunt the Monsters | Dock the Boat DISK


Computer Solutions Zardax 5.2 (1981-82) - word processor & Utilities v1.14 (reference card available HERE) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Elizabeth Computer Centre & Gemini Software First Fleet Database: Convicts & Computers (1982) DISK


Synergistic Software Microbe: The Anatomical Adventure (1982) -  Tutorial disk only  DISK  (game disk available HERE)


C.Millsum Crossing the Blue Mountains (1983) DISK


A.C.T. Apple User's Group Introductory Free Disk DISK


C.H.S. Computer Centre Sport Result Program DISK


Database Publications Apple User Games Disk #1 (1985) DISK


Database Publications Apple User Graphics Library (1985) - complete software routines from Apple User (UK) Graphics Library series (Feb 1984-Nov 1985) DISK


Jacaranda Wiley Gold-Dust Island (1984) DISK

Jacaranda Wiley Quick-Cartage Company (1984) DISK

Jacaranda Wiley Scavenger Hunt (1984) DISK

Jacaranda Wiley Sheep-Dog Trial (1984) DISK

Jacaranda Wiley Cunning Running (1984) DISK

Jacaranda Wiley Raft-Away River (1984) DISK

Jacaranda Wiley Dinosaur Discovery (1985) DISK 1   DISK 2

Jacaranda Wiley & 4Mation Bush Rescue (1987) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)

4Mation Zoopak (1987) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)

Jacaranda Software Kraken - a deep-sea quest (1989) DISK

Jacaranda Software Terra Australis - Voyages of trade and discovery (1989) DISK 1   DISK 2



  Dark Star Systems Snapshot Two Copykit v4.8 (1983) - two distinct copies enclosed DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)

  Dark Star Systems Snapshot //e Copykit v8.7 (1985)  (see also v10.0) DISK

Snapshot IIe Copykit v10.0 menu   Snapshot Copykit ad - Apple Orchard Nov 1983 (scanned by "Sketch the Cow")  Snapshot IIe Card 4-Pack ad - Apple User August 1987

  Dark Star Systems Snapshot //e Diagnostic Disk (1985) DISK

Sample backups made using Snapshot //e system (bootable, no Snapshot card required):-

Karateka (gameplay commences at start) DISK

Karateka (gameplay commences at level 2) DISK


         Snapshot software updates 1987

      Broderbund Karateka (1984) - Backed up with Wildcard - menu-selectable: starts at middle (downstairs) or final fight scene DISK

Wildcard advertisement (Jan 30, 1984 InfoWorld)


Apple Computer Intercept (1978) DISK


Apple Computer Apple Writer 1.1 (1979) DISK


Apple Computer & Paul Lutus Apple Writer ][ (1981) - with Videx 80-column support DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Call-A.P.P.L.E. ApMail v1.2 (1979) - name and address filing system - type 'RUN APMAIL' to start DISK



Muse U-Draw II Graphics Editor (1979) - hi-res programmable graphics editor - backed up with Snapshot system from original disk DISK


Software Arts VisiCalc v1.37 (1979) - Beautiful Boot version DISK


  Micro Finance Systems VisiTrend v1.00 (1981) - Backed up with Wildcard - works on Apple ][+, //e, //c DISK


Programma International Apple PIE (1980) - word processor system DISK


Hayden Data-Graph (1980) - DOS 3.3 DISK



Hayden Book Company Data Manager (1980) - data base management system and mailing list by Paul Lutus DISK


Apple Computer Apple II Pascal 1.1 disk #1 (1980) - patched for Prometheus VERSAcard clock/calendar DISK  (VERSAcard brochure available HERE)


Apple Computer Apple Presents Apple (1981) - "How to use the Apple keyboard in One Easy Lesson" DISK



The Apple IIe Keyboard poster

A3 size double-sided (ca 1985-86 Apple Computer Australia)

 Download PDF (high-resolution scan)


Automated Simulations Dunjonquest: Hellfire Warrior v2 (1979-80) DISK


Game compilation - Cyber Strike (1980 Sirius Software) | Foosball (1981 Sirius Software) | Choplifter (1982 Broderbund) | Pigpen (1982 TMQ Software) - selectable difficulty level DISK

[Choplifter & David's Midnight Magic "Double Pack Classics" original box available HERE]


Game compilation - Space Quarks (1981 Broderbund) | Roadrace | Creepy Corridors (1982 Sierra) | The Bilestoad (1983 Datamost) DISK


Game compilation - Labyrinth (1982 Broderbund) - retains original title page | Shuttle Intercept (1982 Hayden Software) DISK


Game compilation - Tunnel Terror (1982 Magna Soft) - uncorrupted title page | BezOff (1982 Bez) | Bellhop (1982 Hayden Book Company) - clean crack | Zargs (1983 MicroData International) DISK


Game compilation - City of Sumer (1980 Crystalware) | H.E.R.O. (1984 Activision) - The Syndicate crack | Pitstop II (1984 Epyx) - The Cloak / Black Bag crack DISK


SoftWare House Apple Barrel II (1981) - "The Money Barrel from CDS" - assortment of around 20 programs - financial, mathematical, etc. DISK


J&S Software Science Education Collection (ca. 1981) -  Rare set of 10 original disks spanning the following topics  - momentum, work and energy, circular motion, Newton's Laws, acceleration, uniform motion, chemical equations, equilibrium, bonding, locomotion, digestion, endocrine, biochemistry, excretion, nervous, animal reproduction, respiration, genetics, transport, classification DISKS (10 disks - ZIP archive)


 Apple II educational titles published by J&S Software of Port Washington, N.Y.


SRA Computer Drill and Instruction: Mathematics (1981) -  Demonstration  DISK


Versa Computing Anatomy I (1982) DISK



Hayden Software Shapes in Color (1982) DISK  (manual available HERE)


Computer Cognition BASIC Tutorial (1982) - "BASIC for Beginners" DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)  (manual available HERE)



Logo Computer Systems A.C.T. Kids Logo (1982) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Mrs Kennedy Educational Disk No 1 Maths (1982) DISK


Golden Delicious Software CIA (Confidential Information Advisors) (1982) - version with original graphical menu DISK


Cedric Green Scribe (1982) - spatial modelling and design evaluation system

 Program  > DISK      Demonstration DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


James Donald Pty Ltd Sandy's Text Editor Word Processor (ca. 1983) - version 1.7.7 IIe DISK


Turning Point Software Time is Money personal (1983) -  Demonstration disk  DISK


Batteries Included & Irata Press B/GRAPH v1.0 (1983) - graphing and statistical analysis package DISK


Spectral Graphics Masterchart (1983) - create bar, pie, line, area charts - distributed by Stanislaus Apple Group DISK


Island Graphics Corp KoalaPainter (1983) - painting program for KoalaPad DISK


Data Transforms Fontrix 1.0 & Fontpak Volume One (1983) - extended screen font typesetter & graphics software - for Apple ][+, //e, /// DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Sensible Software & Henry A. Roberts Jr Back It Up III v3.6 (1983) - Backed up with Snapshot system - retains original title page DISK


The Stack - Corrupt Computing Disk Muncher versions 1.0 thru 10.0 (1983-85) - cracked by Roger DISK


Sydney Development Corporation Evolution (1982) - The Software Pirates crack DISK


Collins Computing Alien Arcade (1982) - Backed up with Snapshot system from original disk DISK


The Bank Street College of Education / Broderbund Software The Bank Street Writer Tutorial (1982) DISK


Penguin Software Transylvania (1982) & Continental Software The Home Accountant (1982) -  Demonstration versions  DISK


mini'app'les Disk of the Month (1981-83 & 1986) - 17 monthly disks of the Minnesota Apple Computer Users' Group DISKS (17 disks - ZIP archive)

   Apple II in Minnesota advertisement (1979)


Video showing how to get DOS 3.2 Plus System Master (1979) transferred and up and running on Apple II is HERE


Micro Fun Dino Eggs (1983) - The Burglar / Midwest Pirates Guild crack - "master" copy with a first time boot message DISK  (original manual available HERE)

[see HERE for photos of the Midwest Pirates' Guild and Greg Schaefer (GBBS, ProTERM author) in Minneapolis, 2004]

1987 listing of GBBS Pro (Apple II) bulletin boards in the USA is HERE



ProTERM notes by Greg Schaefer — "not for circulation"


Sir-Tech Software Police Artist (1983) - original title page version DISK


Bally Midway Spy Hunter (1983) - file version crack DISK  (original manual & SEGA-Bally Midway catalog available HERE)


Stephen Harrison Trivial Challenge - based on the board game "Trivial Pursuit" DISK


Hayden Software Sargon III (1983) - Backed up with Snapshot system - retains original title page - works on Apple ][+, //e, //c DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Datamost Super Bunny (1983) - Dr Micro and The Freeze crack DISK


Datamost Ardy the Aardvark (1983) - Dr DOS crack DISK


Epyx Jumpman (1983) - Darth Vader crack DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Silicon Valley Systems Lancaster (1983) - Backed up with Wildcard from original disk - Mockingboard version DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Sirius Software Wavy Navy (1983) - Backed up with Snapshot system - works on Apple ][+, //e, //c DISK


  Atari Dig Dug (1983) - Backed up with Wildcard from original disk - works on Apple ][+, unenhanced //e DISK





Broderbund Lode Runner (1983) - distributed by Pirated Software, Inc. DISK


Broderbund Championship Lode Runner (1983-84) - Backed up with Wildcard DISK


Broderbund Championship Lode Runner (1983-84) - Conan crack DISK


● Chrono Warrior (~1983-84) - Frizbizz & Billy Bummer crack  -  DISK


Random House Peanuts Maze Marathon (1984) - cracked as per Computist issue 89 DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Mindscape Tonk in the Land of Buddy-Bots (1984) - cracked as per Computist issue 33 DISK  (original disk label is HERE)


Boomerang Software E.T. Comes Back (1984) DISK


Paul Mak Zytro War - Steve Ho version DISK


Albert Lesiak & The Software Bandito King Tut's Revenge - cleaner title page version DISK


James Chan Wing Chung Cartoon Show - animated hi-res graphics slideshow  -  DISK


Activision Ghostbusters (1984) - DOS 3.3 voice & music demo only - type 'RUN SOUND DEMO#1' to start  (works on Apple ][+, IIGS, unenhanced //e) DISK


  Activision Pitfall II (1984) - Backed up with Snapshot system - works on Apple ][+, //e, //c DISK


Epyx Impossible Mission (1984) - The Beta Pirate & Two Knives Tan crack  (distinct from other circulating versions - this one is distributed by 'The Wildcard') DISK



Earthware Computer Services Black Belt (1984) - The Tiger crack  - works on Apple ][+, //e, //c DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Muse Software Beyond Castle Wolfenstein (1984) - cracked by Flying Dutchman, Jimmy & Dr Bit  -  DISK


Muse Software Beyond Castle Wolfenstein (1984) - The Alliance crack  -  DISK


Electronic Arts Archon II: Adept (1984-85) - Ronald Wilson crack  -  DISK


Activision Sampler Disk (1985) - previews of Ghostbusters, Mindshadow, Space Shuttle, The Designer's Pencil  -  DISK


Greg Hale & Ted Cohn Floppy (~1985) - The Dukes of Datastone crack (with instructions for level editor)  -  DISK


Epyx Temple of Apshai Trilogy (1985) - clean crack  -  DISK


Epyx Winter Games (1985) - DEFCON 4 crack  -  DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Mindscape Forbidden Castle (1985) - clean crack  -  DISK


Accolade HardBall! (1985) - Star-Fire crack  -  DISK


Accolade The Dam Busters (1985) - Star-Fire & Hagar The Horrible crack  -  DISK  (original manual & reference card available HERE)


Thirdware Computer Products FingerPrint Plus VDAP (1985) - testing and slide-show program (FingerPrint manual available HERE) DISK


Al Rogers, Greg Butler & Paul Lutus FrEdWriter v3.1 (1985) - Australian edition of 'Free Education Writer' DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


SuccessAbility Software Counting - teaches simple number skills (Australian software)  -  DISK


Apple Computer Apple Presents Apple Logo II (1984) - for the 128K //e and //c DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Apple Computer Apple Presents Instant Pascal (1985) - mouse version DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Apple Computer Apple II System Utilities for UniDisk 3.5 (1985) - multilingual version (English, French, German, Italian) DISK (800K)  (review of UniDisk 3.5 HERE)

UniDisk 3.5" demo video is HERE


Sensible Software Sensible Grammar (1985) - ProDOS version 1.0A DISK (800K)



PBI Software Jeeves (1985) - memory-resident ProDOS desk accessories - version 1.00 for enhanced Apple IIe (with mouse card) and IIc DISK


Ahware MousePrint (1984) - extends print capabilities of MousePaint - version for Apple DMP & Grappler+ (MouseFont demo on Side B) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Ahware MouseFont (1985) - 12 new typefaces plus font and icon editor for MousePaint DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Dark Star Systems MousePrintz (1985) - adds new screen-editing features to MousePaint and makes it compatible with any printer DISK


Dark Star Systems Snapshot Shuttle v9.0D (1985) - multitasking system for Apple II+ & IIe with "Snapshot IIe" card  (see also v11.0) DISK  (manual available HERE)

Snapshot Shuttle - InfoWorld excerpt March 3, 1986    Snapshot Shuttle v11.0 menu




Alan Tam Featured Songs - Mockingboard Music Disk #5 - Alan Tam pop songs from Hong Kong with slideshow DISK

Video sampler of this disk is HERE


Applied Engineering DOS Utilities - version 1.0 for RamFactor card DISK


MicroSPARC UniDOS 3.3 Plus (1986) - DOS 3.3 modified to work with Apple UniDisk 3.5" and Apple 3.5" drives DISK (800K)



Central Point Software Copy ][ Plus 6.0 (1986) - DOS 3.3 version (possibly a customized Copy II+ 5.0 with updated parameters - all other circulating images of v6.0 I've seen are ProDOS) DISK


Utilico Microware Essential Data Duplicator III (1984)  Disassembled  - 'Sourcerer' disassembly of EDD III to DOS 3.3 disk DISK


Utilico Microware Essential Data Duplicator 4 v4.1 (1986) & EDD 4 Plus v4.8 (1987) DISK  (video showing EDD 4+ Card in action is HERE)


Caresoft Cherry Maths II (1986) DISK


Unicorn Software Aesop's Fables (1986) - 8-bit version - cracked with Passport by 4am DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive) 

Original box scan for the Apple IIGS version of Aesop's Fables is HERE


Channelmark Corporation Grid Designer (1986) - cracked as per Computist issue 52 DISK 1   DISK 2



Apple Mouse Desk 2.0 (1986) - version Z1-1.0 (English) DISK (800K)



On Three The Graphics Manager (1986) - for Apple IIe and above DISK


John Wrenholt & Big Red Computer Club Print Shop Lovers' Utility Set v2.1 (1986) - ten Print Shop related utilities DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Tom Phelps Print Shop Graphics Viewer (1986) - viewing utility plus bonus animal clip-art DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Graphics for The Print Shop - Apple themed (IIc, Mac Plus), Soviet flags, maritime ships, animals etc. DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Springboard Certificate Maker (1986) - Gelignite Jack crack DISKS (8 disks - ZIP archive)  (manual available HERE)


Baudville Award Maker Plus (1987) - softdocs included on disk DISK (800K)


Baudville 816/Paint (1987) - The Apple Odessa crack DISK



Ashton Scholastic Graphics Bank (1987) - library with over 200 pictures of Australian history and wildlife for 64K Apple II+ and above - now includes program disk with original title page  DISKS (9 disks - ZIP archive)


Roger Wagner Publishing MouseWrite (1987) - version 2.6.8b for Apple IIc, IIGS, enhanced IIe DISK (800K)


Kyocera Unison PrintMaster Plus (1987) - Gelignite Jack crack DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Dark Star Systems Snapshot Printerrupt v11.0 (1987) - printer screen dump utility for the "Snapshot IIe" card DISK

  Snapshot Printerrupt v11.0 menu


  Pinpoint Publishing Pinpoint Document Checker v1.0 (1986) - standalone spell checker for AppleWorks, Apple Writer and text files DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Pinpoint Publishing Pinpoint Spelling Checker v2.0.1 (1986) - these are regular DSK images (ProDOS) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Pinpoint Publishing Pinpoint Desktop Accessories (1987) - version 2.0.2 for Apple IIc, enhanced IIe and revised for IIGS - these are regular DSK images, not the nibble images found elsewhere DISK 1   DISK 2



Rainbird Starglider (1986) - KCAT crack DISK


Epyx Street Sports Baseball (1987) - clean crack - for 128K Apple //e, //c, IIGS DISK


Broderbund Wings of Fury (1987) - 3.5" disk version - for 128K Apple //e, //c, IIGS DISK (800K)


Datasoft Black Magic (1987) - MindReader crack  (distinct from other circulating versions - this one is distributed by 'STRATA-CRACKERS') DISK  (Black Magic @8MHz video demo HERE)


Learningways / Collamore Dinosaur Construction Kit - Tyrannosaurus rex (1987) - 'Explore-A-Science' series - for 128K Apple //e, //c, IIGS DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Learningways / Collamore The Quasar Kids (1987) - 'Explore-a-Story' series - for 128K Apple //e, //c, IIGS DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


ProTech Software / Checkmate Technology ProTERM v2.1 (1987-88) - original disk - for 128K Apple //e, //c, IIGS DISK

See also ProTERM 3.0 original box HERE


Interplay Productions Neuromancer (1988) - The Apple Odessa crack DISK (800K)


Data East RoboCop (1988) - The Apple Odessa crack - for 128K Apple //e, //c, IIGS DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Logix Innovations Disk Disintegrater Deluxe v4.2 (1988) - imported by The Apple Odessa DISK


Capstone Trump Castle (1988) - cracked by Hans - for enhanced Apple //e and above DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


● ZBasic v4.2 (64K & 128K ProDOS) & v3.2 (128K DOS 3.3) (1985-88 Zedcor) | The Beagle Compiler v1.0 (1986 Beagle Bros) - compiled 1990-91 by cvxmelody DISK (800K)


Timeworks Design Ideas (1988) DISK (800K)



Berkeley Softworks geoPublish v2.1 (1988) DISKS (800K) (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Bank Street College of Education Wordbench - official 3.5" disk version (1988) DISK 1   DISK 2 (800K)


Techware Tutor-Tech v2.3 (1988) - Teacher, Grader, Student systems | Merlin-Pro v2.34 (by Glen Bredon) DISK (800K)

Video demonstration of Tutor-Tech hypermedia system with TouchWindow touchscreen is HERE


Big Red Computer Club Labels, Labels, Labels (1988) - version 1.6 DISK


My Software Company MyLabelMaker (1988) - version 1.1 DISK


Scholastic Slide Shop (1988) - version 1.2 for 128K Apple - cracked as per Computist issue 77 DISK (800K)



Prometheus Products ProCom-A (1988) - communications and word processing for Apple ][+, //e, //c, IIGS DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Claris AppleWorks 2.0 (1988) - version sold by Claris from 1988 (as distinct from the original 1986 Apple release) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Techware Tutor-Tech v2.6 (1989) -  Demonstration disk  DISK


Beagle Bros BeagleWrite v3.2 (1989) - 8-bit version DISK (800K)


Applied Engineering AW 2 Expander v3.2 (1989) - AE RAM card diagnostics & patcher for AppleWorks 2.x (also enables AW 1.2—2.1 to run on ][+) -  DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Teachers' Idea & Information Exchange StoryWorks v1.0 (1989) - use AppleWorks to create stacks with menus, hypertext and sound effects DISK


Copiers compilation Wizard Duplicator (cracked 1989 by Chuckles) - E.D.D. III | Nibbles Away II-C3 | Copy II+ 6.0 Bitcopy | Super Bitcopy | Quick Disk Copy | E.D.D. 2.1 | Back-It-Up III & II | Echo 1.0 | Disk Muncher 5.0 | Crazy Copy -  DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Beagle Bros Outliner v1.1 for AppleWorks 3.0 (1990) - boots to AW 3.0 Patcher v1.5, quit to BASIC.SYSTEM for Outliner installer DISK (800K)


Q-Labs SuperPatch 6.1 (1990) - customizing utility for AppleWorks 2.x and 3.0 DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Q Labs RepairWorks v3.2A (1990) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)  (manual now available HERE)



Schoolware The Riddle of the Trumpalar (1990) - by NSW Department of School Education DISKS (4 disks - ZIP archive)


Nite Owl WRAITH 'The Devil's Demise' (1990)  - for Apple //e, //c, IIGS DISK (800K)


Broderbund The New Print Shop (1990) - features automated hard disk installer DISKS (7 disks - ZIP archive)

  1987 Broderbund letter to cvxmelody re: The Print Shop


Hi Tech Expressions Beetlejuice Print Kit (1990) DISK 1   DISK 2


Hi Tech Expressions Jetsons and Flintstones Print Kit (1990) DISK 1   DISK 2


Timeworks Publish It! 3 (1990) DISKS (800K) (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Timeworks Publish It! 4 (1991) DISK (800K)



Wings for learning Field Trip to the Rainforest (1991) DISKS (3 disks - ZIP archive)


Satchel Software Gallipoli (1991) - AppleWorks database of Australian service personnel at Gallipoli (World War I) DISKS (3 disks - ZIP archive)


Chan Wilson A2FX v0.8 Beta (1991) - "Apple II File Exchange" - transfers files from Mac HFS disks to ProDOS - for enhanced //e and above DISK


Douglas E. Mitton UniDisk 3.5" driver (1991) - ProDOS driver to permit use of UniDisk 3.5" on the original Apple IIc (without UniDisk ROM) - from May 1991 A2-Central On Disk DISK



In-depth video demonstration of Apple IIc (original ROM version) booting off external Laser 5.25" disk drive is HERE


  Nibble Magazine Mouse Clock (1991) - ProDOS clock driver that keeps accurate time using mouse interrupts - for Apple //c, IIGS or mouse equipped IIe DISK
  1988 invoice from Nibble

Claris AppleWorks 3.0 startup disk (1989/1991) - patched with Mouse Clock (ProDOS clock driver) DISK

Quality Computers AppleWorks 4 (1993) - version 4.01 pristine original disks DISKS (800K) (2 disks - ZIP archive)

AppleWorks 4.0 — scan of original box & disks is HERE



● The Phasor music software v1.1.0 (1986 Applied Engineering) | Visualizer //e v1.2 (1987 PBI Software) | RepairWorks v3.3 (1991 Q Labs) - compiled 1991 by cvxmelody DISK (800K)


Kitchen Sink Software AccuDraw v1.1 (1992) - powerful Computer Aided Design (CAD) package -  Demo disk  DISK (800K)


 Apple IIGS Disk Images 


VIP Technologies VIP Professional GS (1986) - version 1A International DISK (800K)


Version Soft GS/Paint (1986) - version 1.0 English (I'm making this available as I've only seen the French version offered elsewhere) DISK (800K)


Electronic Arts Music Construction Set GS (1986) -  Dealer demo disk  (works fine on real GS but music may be garbled in emulators) DISK (800K)


Electronic Arts Deluxe Paint II v2.0 (1987) - with Startpic DISK (800K)


COMPUTE!'s Apple IIGS Machine Language for Beginners (1987) - disk included with the book (programs run from Finder) DISK (800K)


Activision Hacker II: The Doomsday Papers (1986-87) - First Class crack DISK (800K)


Activision Shanghai (1987) - "Stephen W" crack DISK (800K)


Artworx Strip Poker II (1987) - French United Crackers Klan crack DISK (800K)


Apple Computer The Apple IIGS Demonstration Sampler v1.2 (1987) DISKS (800K) (4 disks - ZIP archive)



Apple Computer Apple IIgs Diagnostic v2.1 (1988) DISK (140K)


Sonus Personal Musician (1987) - MIDI recording system (requires Sonus or Passport Designs MIDI card in slot 2) DISK (800K)  (manual available HERE)


A+ Magazine (June 1988) did a full roundup of Apple II MIDI hardware & software products — a complete scan by J. Barr-Hyde is HERE


Apple MIDI Interface Owner's Guide is HERE


Diversified Software Research Diversi-Tune (1988) - version 1.0 (to hear audio through internal GS speaker press 'ESC' then disable 'Stereo Card' in Configuration Menu) DISK (800K)



Pyware Music Writer (1988) - version 1.4.2 Special Edition (6 staves) DISK (800K)


John Wrenholt Print Shop Lovers' Utility Set IIGS v1.02 (1988)  (see also v3.00) - also on the disk:  As The Link Turns I: Operation Bug | As The Link Turns II: Return of Woz | GSDaleks | Applesoft BASIC CDA v1.1 | Cut Paste CDA | Marvin the Paranoid CDA | Password CDA | Print Text Screen CDA v2.0 | Quickport CDA  DISK (800K)



Roger Wagner Publishing SoftSwitch (1988) - version 8.8 DISK (800K)


So What Software Iconix GS (1988) -  Demo disk  DISK (800K)  (program disk already available HERE)



Arcadia AAARGH! (1988) - Club 96 crack DISK (800K)



Taito Arkanoid (1988) - Club 96 crack DISK (800K)


Accolade Bubble Ghost (1988) - Piratefest '88 crack DISK (800K)


Britannica Software Jigsaw! - The Ultimate Electronic Puzzle (1988) - version 1.0 - 'brought to you by Crisis' DISKS (800K) (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Strategic Studies Group Reach for the Stars - The Conquest of the Galaxy (1988) - First Class crack DISK (800K)


Spectrum HoloByte Tetris (1988) - genuine Apple IIGS / IIc+ dual version DISK (800K)  (manual available HERE)


Broderbund Prince of Persia (1989) - French United Crackers Klan crack (Apple IIGS super hi-res crack screen but this is an 8-bit game) DISK (800K)


Pangea Software Quadronome (1989) - as distributed by AUSOM & Computer Concepts DISK (800K)


AUSOM News back issues dating back to 1980 are available to AUSOM members — see HERE


Interplay Dragon Wars (1989-90) - Club 96 crack (runs from Finder) DISK (800K)


LYNX Computer Products Supergraphix 256 (1989) - adds 36 new Super Hi-res graphics and 6 music commands to Applesoft DISK (800K)


Free Tools Association Nucleus (1989) - partial soundtrack only of this legendary demo as played back on (i) Apple IIGS with Sonic Blaster and (ii) ActiveGS emulator FLAC audio [35MB ZIP archive]



Mac PowerBook 3400c emulating Apple IIGS - Rastan, California Demo, Nucleus Demo, Diversi-Tune


Pad & 'El Mathos Noise Blaster v2.13 (1989) - music software used in Nucleus and Photonix (translated from French to English by Factus) DISK (800K)


Beagle Bros Platinum Paint (1990) - version 1.0.1 (runs from Finder) DISK (800K)


Seven Hills Software GraphicWriter III (1990) - version 1.0 (includes Fonts Disk) (see also v2.0) DISKS (800K) (4 disks - ZIP archive)


Vitesse Salvation: Guardian v1.03 (1990) - disk backup & restore system DISK (800K)


French United Crackers Klan Pictures 3200 Vol. 1 (1990) - 3200 colour graphics slideshow (converted from Amiga & IBM) DISK (800K)


Big Red Computer Club & The Public Domain Exchange Desk Accessories & 3200 Colour Pictures (1989-1991) DISKS (800K) (7 disks - ZIP archive)


● Desktop Utilities 3.0 (by Robert Mueller & Tony Morton, 1991) (version 4.0 beta available HERE) | Cribbage GS (by Jim Sepanik, ca. 1991) | Dr Mario (by Blue Adept/USAlliance, 1991) - programs run or install from Finder DISK (800K)


Sequential Systems RAM GS Diagnostic Test Diskette rev 1.4 (1991) DISK (800K)


Digital Youth Alliance Exhibit A (1991) - 3200 colour graphics slideshow demo DISK (800K)


David Chrislip & Kenrick Mock George Bush Demo (1991) - parody of President George Bush (runs from Finder) DISK (800K)



Joe Kohn & Shareware Solutions Way Cool GS (1991) - companion to January 1992 inCider article on how to customize the Apple IIGS (includes Solitaire, PacMan, Beyond, ErrorCodes, Quit-To, InitMaster, Icon Ed, Start Logo, Custom GSOS, Showpic etc.) DISK (800K)


Office aids etc. - 1991 compilation - Address Manager v2.0e | Cassette Labeler | Graph Paper Maker | GSXEdit v1.0 | Mouse Label v1.1 | Nexus | NoteBook I | OnTime | Scheduler | Speed Read | Texter v1.1 | The Tape Insert Filer/Printer DISK (800K) 


WestCode Software Pointless 2.0.1 (1992) DISK (800K)

    AppleWorks GS printout at 360 DPI

AppleWorks GS printing at 360 DPI with Pointless TrueType fonts and Harmonie Epson LQ driver






MOD files collection - compiled 1992-93 by cvxmelody and others DISKS (800K) (5 disks - ZIP archive)



MOD music players etc. - NoiseTracker v1.0 (1991-92 FTA) | soniqTracker v0.6.3 (by Tim Meekins, 1993) | SoundSmith v1.01 (by Huibert Aalbers, 1990) | MODZap v0.81 (by Ian Schmidt, 1992) | ShellPlay v0.5 (by Brian C. Bening, ca. 1993) - disk boots to NoiseTracker DISK (800K)



One World Software Wizards Noise Tracker GS v1.30 (1993) DISK (800K)


Freeware & shareware - compiled 1992-93 by cvxmelody - AniShow | Antetris | ColorTerm v3.5 | Cosmocade v1.1 | Cyber War! | GenericTerm v3.1 | GIF 3200 v0.20 | GIFview | GS-ShrinkIt v1.1 | MegaTERM v1.1 | MultiView v1.0 | PMPUnzip v1.02 | QWK-GS v1.06 | ResLin d0.33 (see also v0.48) | TransProg Start v1.01 DISKS (800K) (4 disks - ZIP archive)


Shane Richards Spy Hunter GS (1993) - version with music DISK (800K)



● The Lower Planes Demo (by Prince Slime, 1993) | Instant Access v1.0 (by Ian Brumby, 1993) - disk boots to demo (looks best on real GS), Instant Access runs from Finder (see also v3.0) DISK (800K)


Ewen Wannop & Seven Hills Software Spectrum 1.0 (1993) - telecommunications program (runs from Finder)  (see also v2.5.4) DISK (800K)


^ 2018-01-23 (last revised)

 Apple Computer 10th Anniversary Timeline 


Apple Special Delivery Software Fall 1980 Catalog (Apple II)


  High quality scan of "Apple Special Delivery Software - Fall 1980"




Apple Computer ad (Dec 1980 BYTE)


"Ask the Experts" 8 page Apple IIc / IIe / IIGS brochure (1986 USA)


  High quality scans of "Ask the Experts" Apple II brochure




"The Apple IIGS - The Inside Story" in-store promotional poster (1986)


 Depicted is a 1986 prototype Apple IIGS - similar units were bestowed on developers and journalists prior to the commercial launch e.g. see "Golden No 29" magazine HERE




Genuine Apple IIGS promotional watch (1986)

More photos HERE





«L'Apple II. Un beau passé. Un bel avenir. Un beau présent.» 12 page Apple IIc / IIe brochure (1985 Apple Canada)


  Scan of "L'Apple II" brochure 


         Source: Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec





 Apple IIGS System Software 5.0 (1989) — French version



Apple IIGS System Software 5.0 — scan of original box, disks & packing list is HERE



Apple CEO John Sculley on the Apple II - from "The Computer Chronicles - Apple II Forever" (1988)

 (YouTube video by Computer Chronicles)




 DVD compilation 26 television commercials from 1977-88 (mostly Apple II) 

Sourced from YouTube

(credits to the original uploaders)



Download Apple II TV commercials DVD compilation [865MB zipped ISO]




 Broderbund Airheart (1986) 

A milestone in the annals of Apple II gaming

 Apple II original manual, box, and disk scans in COLOUR 


A perilous sea is the setting for this arcade-style rescue game featuring double hi-res, 3-D color graphics more dazzling than any you've seen before.

Designed by Dan Gorlin, creator of the best-selling Choplifter!, AIRHEART offers you the challenge of rescuing a sleeping prince from a watery world and restoring him to his rightful place of honor.


Full 16-color double hi-res graphics

Fast, realistic 3-D animation

Challenging play.  This is one game you won't master too easily.


  High quality colour scans of my original Airheart manual, box, and diskette



This supersedes my earlier greyscale scan of the manual which is still available HERE and includes an extra review of the game from Apple User magazine

^ 2016-03-21

 Epyx Street Sports Soccer (1988) 

 Apple IIGS original manual, box, and disk scans 


In Street Sports Soccer, you're captain of your own rowdy bunch.  Choose the best on the block and show 'em what you've got.  Shove. Pass. Dribble. Trip.  Real life, fast-action fun.


  High quality colour scans of my original Street Sports Soccer manual, box, and diskette



^ 2016-03-23

 Apple Computer Apple Presents Spotlight (1982) 

 Apple II original manual and disk scans (rarity!) 


A compilation of 4 children's games: Reflect, Spotlight, Hot Stuff, Boxed In


  High quality colour scans of my original Apple Presents Spotlight manual and diskette



  Download "Spotlight" disk image (backed up with Wildcard system)





Wildcard installed in slot 7 of my Pravetz 8M (Apple II Europlus clone)



Creating a 64K auto-booting backup of "Spotlight" (one of four games from the original "Apple Presents Spotlight" disk)


^ 2016-03-28 (last revised 2016-05-13)

 Apple II original software box collection 

 30 software boxes & contents scanned for your pure indulgence !! 


You'll find all of the following:

4th & Inches GS
Apple Writer II version 2.0
Car Builder
Death Sword
Destroyer GS
Dream Zone GS
Grand Prix Circuit GS
Impossible Mission II
Jack Nicklaus' Greatest 18 Holes of Major Championship Golf (GS)
King's Quest III GS
Mancala GS
Music Construction Set GS
Paintworks Gold GS
Silicon Dreams
Skate or Die GS
Solitaire Royale GS
The Bard's Tale GS
The Games Winter Edition
The Music Studio 2.0 GS
The Print Shop GS
Vegas Craps GS
Warlock GS
Where in the USA is Carmen Sandiego? (GS)
Winter Games GS
Xenocide GS

Disks only - ProTERM 3, The Graphic Exchange, TransProg III, Tetris, HardBall



  Apple II original software box collection by cvxmelody  [121MB ZIP archive of PDF files]



The Graphic Exchange manual cover & Roger Wagner Product Catalog now available HERE

ProTERM 3 original box is HERE

^ 2016-05-25

Will Harvey's Zany Golf (1988) & The Immortal (1990)

From the stable of Electronic Arts came two of the most iconic games for the Apple IIGS

 Original boxes & contents 




  Colour scans of original boxed Zany Golf & The Immortal  [11MB ZIP archive of PDF files]




^ 2016-07-25

Assorted Tidbits



Warranty stub for Applied Engineering TransWarp II accelerator card purchased on 21 March 1990 for my Apple //e from Nemo Computer Systems of Western Australia

It had a serial number of S089.  I sold it off a few years later (along with the //e), and this warranty card is all that remains. The distinguishing feature of the TransWarp II was its built-in non-volatile control panel allowing easy customization of accelerator settings.  The card was clocked at 7MHz (versus 1MHz stock speed of the //e).  Joystick compatibility was improved over the earlier TransWarp with a configurable joystick delay.

Though not documented in the user's manual, the speed could also be controlled through software by writing a 0 or 1 to memory location $C074, same as in the original TransWarp, i.e. POKE 49268,1 (for 1MHz) & POKE 49268,0 (for fast speed)


TransWarp II ad - I scanned this from the January 1990 issue of inCider/A+

UPDATE: I found a photo of a TransWarp II with marking "5089" on the back - see HERE - so "S089" might not have been an actual serial number, but some batch/revision number.  I must have checked the original box and manual for anything vaguely resembling a S/N, before settling on "S089" as the only (apparently) unique identifier.  "5089" could plausibly refer to a manufacturing date of the 50th week of 1989 (?).


Some sales materials Applied Engineering sent me 1987-88 - product catalogs & "Inside AE" bulletins (TransWarp GS, Sonic Blaster, PC Transporter etc.)

  'Inside AE' - October 1988  'Inside AE' - November 1988

 Download PDF version


Above: Invoice for Zip Chip purchased from Nemo Computer Systems on 16 Feb 1990 for my sister's Apple //c

Below: "Zip Chip - Update" from Nemo Computer Systems (November 1989 AUSOM News)

see also Nemo Computer Systems pricelist (December 1989)


"1990 Multiline BBS"

successor to the Apple II-based Nemo & Treasure Island boards (GBBS Pro) & pro-nemo BBS (ProLine)

"... at 182 gigabytes and 175 online CDs... one of the largest file libraries available in any country"


Zip Chip passed diagnostic test with flying colours in September 2015


 ☹ R.I.P.☹ 

Apple //c monochrome monitor depicted shortly after giving up the ghost



Back in 1992, I ordered a new Zip GSX accelerator card for my Apple IIGS.  Its top speed was 8MHz, yet it came with a 10MHz-rated 65C816 CPU.  Not wishing to squander the potential, I asked a technician friend to perform a simple modification, replacing the stock crystal oscillator with a faster one, which boosted the speed of the card to 10.50MHz.  The system proved to be absolutely stable and I was more than satisfied.  The IIGS was subsequently retired in 1996 but in August 2015 I attempted to resurrect it for old time's sake.  The Zip GSX was found to be still in perfect working order after all those years.



Software routines to disable Zip GSX by Paul Creager (inCider/A+)


 Software routine to disable Zip GSX

(substitute 91 for 90 as the next-to-last number in line 1020 to turn Zip GSX back on)


ZipGS & Zip Chip advertisement (February 1992, inCider/A+)


(the ad refers to a re-engineered "new design" 8Mz Zip Chip (for 8-bit Apples), so early and late versions of this model exist - the 8MHz Zip Chip was originally announced at the May 1989 Boston AppleFest and began shipping towards the end of that year)

^ 2015-11-09 (last revised 2017-09-13)

 A+ Magazine (April 1989) 

 Reviews of TransWarp GS, "Classic" TransWarp, Zip Chip, RocketChip 


SPEED UP!  New Products Meet the Need for Speed

Scans of cover story devoted to the following Apple II accelerator products:

TransWarp GS by Applied Engineering

"Classic" TransWarp by Applied Engineering

Zip Chip by Zip Technologies

RocketChip by Bits & Pieces Technologies

With comparative benchmark test results


  High quality colour scans of Apple II accelerators cover story from A+ April 1989



^ 2016-05-01

 Call-A.P.P.L.E. (October 1985) 

 Cover story on "Mach 3.5" accelerator (M-c-T SpeedDemon) 


Flying the Apple II at Mach 3.5

Mach 3.5 accelerator benchmarks by Dr David A. Lingwood


"SpeedDemon" or "SpeeDemon" ?  Both are correct - see HERE & HERE & HERE

^ 2016-10-11 (last revised 2017-04-26)

 My own benchmarks of TransWarp (I & II), Zip Chip, Zip GSX & Laser 128EX etc. 

All testing done with Speed Tester v1.0 (available HERE)

Manually timed with stopwatch, rounded down to nearest second

Benchmarks generated by Speed Tester are relative to a 1MHz Apple //e

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Apple //c — Zip Chip 4000 @ 1MHz (ESC key pressed at startup)
Apple //c — Zip Chip 4000 @ 4MHz
Apple IIGS ROM01 — Zip GSX 32K cache @ 10.50MHz
Enhanced Apple //e clone — TransWarp @ 3.6MHz



These results are consistent with a 4MHz Zip Chip (model 4000).  This Zip Chip was purchased new in February 1990 and it was actually the 8MHz model we ordered and paid for (see invoice & background).  It came supplied in the same box and with the same disk as the 4MHz model but with an added "8MHz" sticker on the front (all the early units were like that).  Perhaps some worker at the Zip factory got confused and mistakenly applied an "8MHz" sticker to a 4MHz part.  They were under pressure to ship after months of delays so a mix-up like this could easily have occurred....  (Benchmarks for an actual 8MHz Zip Chip appear below)



Apple //c — Zip Chip 4000 @ 0.68MHz (i.e. 17% of max. speed set via Zip Chip Utilities - the lowest configurable speed short of disabling acceleration completely)
Apple IIGS ROM01 @ 2.8MHz — Zip GSX disabled
Laser 128EX ROM v4.2 @ 2.3MHz ('2' key pressed at startup)
Laser 128EX ROM v4.2 @ 3.6MHz ('3' key pressed at startup)

Incompatible with Laser 128EX (ROM v4.2) @ 3.6MHz


Enhanced Apple //e clone — TransWarp II @ 7MHz
Enhanced Apple //e clone — TransWarp II @ 3.5MHz
Apple //c — Zip Chip 4000 @ 2MHz


Apple IIGS ROM01 — Zip GSX 32K cache @ 8.5MHz




NB: Reported speed of 8.14MHz is erroneous as the Zip GSX runs at 10.50MHz not 10 MHz  (81.25% of 10.50MHz = 8.5MHz) - see explanatory note HERE


Macintosh LC — Apple IIe Card @ 1MHz

("Normal" speed selected in IIe Option Panel)

Macintosh LC — Apple IIe Card @ 1.9MHz

("Fast" speed selected in IIe Option Panel)

Apple //e — Zip Chip 8000 @ 8MHz Apple //e — Zip Chip 8000 @ 4MHz



My video HERE shows the Apple IIe Card being benchmarked

See video HERE - Zip Chip 8MHz installation & benchmark  

Additional testing with Speed Test v2.2.2 (available HERE)

Manually timed with stopwatch, rounded down to nearest tenth of a second

Benchmarks generated by Speed Test are relative to a 1MHz Apple //e

Laser 128EX ROM v6.0 @ 3.6MHz ('3' key pressed at startup)
Apple IIGS ROM01 — Zip GSX 32K cache @ 10.50MHz
MEMORY READ 34.9 3.42 MEMORY READ 11.9 10.01    
MEMORY WRITE 34.8 3.42 MEMORY WRITE 26.0 4.58    
MEMORY READ (ZERO PAGE) 35.1 3.41 MEMORY READ (ZERO PAGE) 11.9 10.05    
DIRECT TEXT WRITES #2 34.7 3.47 DIRECT TEXT WRITES #2 23.6 5.10    
BIOS TEXT WRITE 126.6 0.94 BIOS TEXT WRITE 41.2 2.90    


Macintosh LC — Apple IIe Card @ 1.9MHz

("Fast" speed selected in IIe Option Panel)

  TIME (s) RELATIVE          
MEMORY READ 61.9 1.92          
MEMORY WRITE 61.9 1.92          
MEMORY READ (ZERO PAGE) 61.9 1.93          
MEMORY WRITE (ZERO PAGE) 61.8 1.94          
INDIRECT REFERENCES 65.2 1.84          
BRANCH CALCULATION 61.7 1.93          
REGISTER VARIABLES 43.8 1.90          
INSTRUCTION FETCH 58.9 2.04          
CPU INSTRUCTION MIX 59.0 1.97          
DIRECT TEXT WRITES 316.9 0.38          
DIRECT TEXT WRITES #2 2228.6 0.05          
BIOS TEXT WRITE 369.7 0.32          
DIRECT LORES WRITES 924.4 0.13          
HIGH-RES MEMORY WRITES 697.0 0.16          

ReActiveMicro's Wiki HERE offers further Speed Test v2.2.2 benchmarks

^ 2016-10-10 (last revised 2017-09-28)


Others ??  TransWarp GS, RocketChip I & II, UltraWarp (Michael Mengel & ReActiveMicro), FASTChip //e & TransWarp //c (a2heaven), Tecnowarp, SpeedDemon (Mach 3.5), Saturn/Titan Accelerator, Apple IIc Plus, Apple III, etc...

Add your own results below:

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 TransWarp 3.6MHz vs 1MHz showdown 


FAST vs NORMAL speedside by side comparison on Apple IIe




Donkey Kong
FASTDATA Pro — keyword search of 1.5MB TXT file
Nikrom Master Diagnostics //e — 80 column test
Animate Show Disk (3.6MHz only)
TransWarp startup self-diagnostic test



 Testbed: Apple IIe enhanced clone | TransWarp @ 3.6MHz

Only relevant to FASTDATA Pro: Apple II SCSI Card (Rev C ROM) & ITEAD Studio SCSI2SD V5.0a

^ 2016-11-20


 TransWarp II unleashed! 




Prince of Persia (sound delay 0ms)
Prince of Persia (sound delay 1ms)
Prince of Persia (sound delay 5ms)
TransWarp II control panel
Apple //e self-diagnostic test



 Hardware: Apple IIe enhanced clone | TransWarp II @ 7MHz

  I don't know how the Apple //e "checkerboard" self-diagnostic got triggered - after exiting the TransWarp II control panel, typing PR#6 somehow initiated the self-diagnostic before the drive was booted. Perhaps it is related to having toggled the TWII from OFF to FAST. Please ignore the incorrect caption at ~6:38 - the checkerboard display is the //e self-diagnostic, NOT the TWII startup diagnostic, which is actually just the brief pause before the TWII logo appears. If the TWII startup diagnostic is enabled in the control panel, you normally experience this pause with a blank screen when turning on the computer, followed by the TWII logo (if enabled) and then bootup. The //e checkerboard test isn't part of the process, though can occasionally manifest with cold or warm boot as an atypical, if harmless, quirk of the TWII. If the behaviour is by design, my only (non-expert) explanation is that it helps flush the system into a more pristine state. Also, my experience with the Apple IIGS is that periodically running its self-diagnostic to completion can be a quick fix for any strange glitches you are having.


Fine-tuning the speed of TransWarp II

The built-in control panel of the TransWarp II only allows a choice of two accelerated speeds - 7MHz & 3.5MHz.  All is not lost, however, as the TWII is compatible with the RocketChip Utilities (available HERE).  This permits fine-tuning the speed in small increments, anywhere from a fraction of 1MHz right up to full throttle!  (Full credit to Glynne Tolar for making the connection - see HERE)



It's probably easiest to use the RocketChip Utilities designed for the 10MHz RocketChip II (ProDOS version shown above).  In this example I have it configured for "6.66MHz" which corresponds neatly to 66.6% of top speed.  So on the TransWarp II, 66.6% of 7MHz equates to 4.66MHz



Exiting the RocketChip configurer dumps you to BASIC.SYSTEM with your speed setting intact.  However, invoking the TransWarp II control panel at anytime (ESC-CTRL-RESET) or rebooting with PR#6 or CTRL-OPEN APPLE-RESET will undo your speed (the TWII reverts to either 1MHz ("Slow"), 3.5MHz ("Medium") or 7MHz ("Fast"), whichever is closest to your custom setting).  To preserve your speed whilst booting up the next disk, a good solution is to use something like BOOT6.SYS shown in the example above (poached from Zip Chip Utilities HERE).  This bypasses the meddling of the TWII firmware...

With this approach, I was able to launch Speed Tester (in DOS 3.3 format) and benchmark the TransWarp II running at a non-standard 4.66MHz:-


  Enhanced Apple //e clone — TransWarp II @ 4.66MHz (configured with RocketChip Utilities)

Benchmarks generated by Speed Tester are relative to a 1MHz Apple //e


^ 2017-05-07 (last revised 2017-06-11)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Testing out the Apple //c PAL colour modulator A2M4023

For some months, I had been on the lookout for an Apple //c A2M4023 PAL colour modulator. This elusive device attaches to the back of any PAL //c (e.g. those sold in Australia and Europe), providing colour composite & RF outputs.  As luck would have it - on 12 Nov 2015 - I spotted an ad on Gumtree (Perth) for a complete Apple //c system, modulator included!  Since I wanted a replacement //c monitor anyway (after my sister's one blew up), and the price was reasonable, I went ahead and purchased the lot.  Photo of the "haul" taken on the day of purchase after it was brought home:-


  model # A2S4000* (* = Z, F, B, N etc)...  note that later model //c sold in PAL countries (e.g. A2S4100X) are inherently capable of colour when paired to certain 220-240V models of the AppleColor Composite Monitor (e.g. A2M6021X) - the revised //c outputs a video signal comparable to the 'International NTSC Apple IIe' - a unique 50Hz NTSC with 3.562456 MHz color reference frequency - see discussion HERE.  Be that as it may, A2S4100X model //c retains full compatibility with PAL Modulator A2M4023 - see  HERE.



International Supplement to the Apple IIc Interactive Owner's Guide now available HERE



As you can see, a functioning //c with green screen, comprehensive set of Apple manuals and disks, Apple beige joystick, two platinum mice, and an Apple 5.25 Drive to boot.  (After this photo was taken, I discovered tucked inside other manuals the "Setting Up Your Apple //c" guide, Apple joystick instructions, and even an unused sheet of rainbow-coloured Apple stickers.  The mice turned out to be the same model - Mac Mouse M0100 platinum part # 590-0055A, which aren't //c compatible but should work fine on a ][, ][+ or //e with mouse card.  However, my sister's //c was already equipped with a mouse - model A2M4015Z)

This is not 100% identical to the Unidisk 5.25" but the distinction is only critical for the Macintosh LC Apple IIe card which is compatible solely with the Apple 5.25" Drive


Back of the "new" Apple //c monochrome monitor (240V Hitachi model) and close-ups of the PAL Modulator/Adapter A2M4023


I hooked the colour composite output of the PAL Modulator to my old Commodore 1084S monitor (Amiga RGB and PAL-only colour composite display).  Booted up the //c to be greeted by beautiful colour!  Some screenshots:-










The Commodore 1084S monitor also has a "green" switch to take care of any hankering for old-school monochrome:-



And here's a high quality capture I made of the Apple IIc PAL Modulator's output

Choplifter, David's Midnight Magic, Prince of Persia, Airheart...

(RCA composite video fed directly to PC TV tuner card)



 Side-by-side comparison of the Apple IIe IIc joystick platinum and beige models


I clearly remember how Myer department stores used to sell the Apple joystick for A$99.99 - at a time when they also carried the Apple //c - which in fact was quite heavily promoted by them e.g. around Christmas 1985, Myer published a huge multi-page lift-out devoted exclusively to the //c in Australian newspapers.  It was coloured red like a Christmas stocking.  (In Western Australia, Myer took over Boans department chain in 1985 but most stores kept the name "Boans" until 1988.  Though Myer itself was already well established in Perth - see HERE)



  Twelve holiday software suggestions for your Apple Computer (Apple II & Macintosh) - 1985 Christmas brochure (USA)






Apple IIc released (June 1984 Electronics Australia)    Apple's Solution to the Christmas Present (Dec 1984 San Bernardino Sun)  

Big Apple IIc promotional booklet & An Apple Christmas brochure (1984) 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7  (courtesy 'tumblekidsvintage' on eBay)





^ 2015-11-12 (last revised 2018-01-30)

Vintage Apple //c carry bag


^ 2016-10-04

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

VGA Adapter for PAL & NTSC Apple //c  (from

Very satisfying first test of Apple IIc VGA adapter - newly arrived 19 January 2016 - on a PAL Apple IIc & ViewSonic LCD monitor (VS12319).  (See further down for samples from an NEC MultiSync CRT monitor)


Apple //c VGA Adapter - first impressions


Impossible Mission II given the VGA makeover




F-15 Strike Eagle screenshots.  A small push-button at the front of the adapter lets you cycle between the available display modes, to suit any taste.  You have a choice of regular color ; NTSC color ; shade of green ; monochrome white / green / amber, plus optional scanline emulation (resembling a CRT monitor).





And for comparison, an Apple IIGS screenshot (AppleColor RGB Monitor)




My scan of MicroProse catalog with F-15 Strike Eagle, Silent Service etc. available HERE


LCD monitor's on-screen display showing VGA resolution of "640 x 400"  [NB: resolution of the Apple IIc VGA adapter is actually 720 x 480, but not all monitors report this accurately]


   This revision of the adapter works equally well on an NTSC Apple //c (although I couldn't test this) as it is auto-sensing and adapts to whichever type of //c you have.  From the official description:-


VGA screenshots from The Last Ninja, Randamn and Times of Lore on a PAL Apple //c





 Razor sharp text, here shown in colour, green, and amber modes





    BELOW: Comparative test of the Apple //c VGA adapter on an NEC MultiSync V721 VGA 17" monitor (CRT).  Overall, I found it superior to the ViewSonic LCD - not surprisingly with the NEC being a "true" VGA monitor, i.e. support for native resolution and refresh rate, so absolutely no pixel scaling issues or flicker.


ABOVE: Mr Robot title screen in colour, with & without scanlines

BELOW: Mr Robot in colour & shade of green



pfs:Write 80 column text sample (with scanlines)

^ 2016-01-19 (last revised 2017-05-13)

Microsoft Olympic Decathlon - Apple II original (box / disk / manual)

Wow look what we have here!  Olympic Decathlon is the first ever program I saw running on an Apple II and its theme song the first ever sound I heard emanating from an Apple speaker.  I had never encountered a computer before and my initial thought was - what the heck is that??

Out of curiosity (mostly), I searched for it on eBay in November 2015 and to my surprise, an original boxed version was just sitting there waiting to be snapped up.  I answered its beckoning call and it was safely delivered to my hands today!  Feeling complete now :-)




 Apple II games reviewed in July 1982 Australian Personal Computer - Firebird, Olympic Decathlon, Epoch, International Grand Prix, Fly Wars, Jellyfish, Star Blazer, ABM 



"Olympic Decathlon" was eventually renamed "Microsoft Decathlon" the word "Olympic" having been dropped along with the Olympic logo (due to licensing issues?)My original disk of this later edition specifically lists support for Apple II, II+, IIe, IIc and so dates from at least 1984.  The game's memory requirement has also increased to 64K (from 48K).



^ 2015-12-03 (last revised 2017-12-08)

Colossus Chess 4.0 (1985) & Battle Chess Apple IIGS (1989)



Trinity ~ Zork Zero ~ Beyond Zork


The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy


Arcticfox & Marble Madness


Jeopardy! 25th Anniversary Edition & Empire 'Wargame of The Century'

[Empire Apple II Command Reference Card now available HERE]


Wheel of Fortune New 3rd Edition


The Ancient Art of War

[The Ancient Art of War Quick Reference Card now available HERE]


Math and Me & Designasaurus Apple IIGS



"Logical Connections" AUSOM Christmas flyer (1989)

Logical Connections AUSOM Apple II Christmas flyer  Logical Connections AUSOM Apple II Christmas flyer


Fontrix Classic & Sequel

HERE is a review of Fontrix in Popular Mechanics (March 1984)


Kangaroo & ShowOff Apple IIGS

[High quality scan of Kangaroo & ShowOff disks is HERE]


Out of this World Apple IIGS


  High quality colour scans of my original Out of this World box and disks



  I acquired this mint Apple IIGS version of "Out of this World" from eBay (where else? — original listing of December 2016 HERE) - luck certainly played its part as original copies of this game are scarce. OOTW is one of few games I actually played right through to the end (lol), back in 1993.



The Dark Heart of Uukrul & Pirates! Apple IIGS


^ 2016-08-19 (last revised 2017-12-20)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

 Testing a new Mockingboard-K sound card (from Korea) on Apple IIGS 



 Bring the world of wireless audio to your Apple IIGS with an appropriate Bluetooth transmitter and headphones like the i.Tech MusicBAND 807

^ 2015-11-05 (last revised 2017-11-25)

 Lancaster (1983 Apple II game) with Mockingboard music on Apple IIGS 

I acquired the sealed original Lancaster (Mockingboard support version) from eBay at not inconsiderable expense, and it happily arrived just in time for Christmas!  This 1983 arcade game by Will Harvey boasts fluid animation and entertaining gameplay.  At first, I couldn't get it working on my Apple IIGS equipped with Mockingboard-K - it would hang at the splashscreen.  But I found that by pre-booting ProDOS 8 v.2.0.1, then inserting the game disk and rebooting with CTRL-APPLE-RESET fixed the problem.  Incidentally this technique also prevents side 2 of Willy Byte from stalling on a GS with Mockingboard.



Lancaster Apple II original sealed box, diskette & documentation


[Lancaster Mockingboard version disk image (Wildcard backup) now available HERE]

^ 2015-12-239 (last revised 2017-09-07)

 Testing a new Mockingboard v1a (ReActiveMicro) with speech chip on Apple IIe 


The Mockingboard v1a from UltimateMicro is a clone of the Sweet Micro Systems "Mockingboard A" - with its two AY-3-8913 chips giving six audio channels and two open sockets for the (hard to source) SSI-263 speech chips.  Since I wanted the full Mockingboard sound/speech experience for my //e, and the speech chip happened to be in stock, I seized the initiative and placed an order in January 2016!



The Mockingboard v1a, shown before and after installation of a single speech chip (I was provided with a 78A263A which is identical to the SSI-263) - effectively turning it into a "Mockingboard C" (six audio channels + speech).  Audio is output through a stereo jack and there is even a provision for the Apple speaker sounds to be fed externally using the supplied motherboard lead.


"Mockingboard" from Sweet Micro Systems (1983) - spot the family resemblance?

 [photo courtesy of eBay]



The official Sweet Micro Systems Mockingboard sound/speech demo disk

Hear the Mockingboard v1a talk and sing (direct recording to line-in of an Edirol R-09HR)



Fond recollections of the Hong Kong Mockingboard...

[Scan courtesy of Johnson Lam — ]

My very first Mockingboard - similar to the "Pro-Mockingboard" depicted in the above brochure - was procured on a jaunt to Hong Kong's Golden Computer Arcade.  The shop - which may have been located on the Arcade's middle floor - had several variants on display in a glass cabinet and I opted for the one with audio and speech capabilities.  It had a mini jack & RCA sockets for stereo output and on-board pots for volume adjustment and came supplied with photocopied instructions.  It provided 15 channels (even more than Applied Engineering's Phasor, although some of them may have been reserved for percussive effects), but exploiting that potential would have required special software which I never had.  It was indeed fully "Mockingboard C" compatible (6 channels + speech) and gave me many hours of pleasure but regrettably, I sold it off in the early 1990s with my //e system of the time... (well I needed funds for other upgrades!)


Music Construction Set - 1985 Apple ][ Hong Kong Mockingboard version with music of Leslie Cheung

 (YouTube video by ハヤシトシオ)



It turns out there was at least one other Mockingboard clone from Hong Kong known as the "Mustalgame Card" (short for MUSic TALk GAME).  Manufactured by Capital Computer Co., it sported two AY-3-891x chips giving 6 music channels as well as integrated Software Automatic Mouth (S.A.M.) for speech.  It also provided stereo amplification of the Apple II speaker sound without the need of an interconnecting cable.  For more details please refer:

eBay listing photo

(courtesy A. Vignau's "French Touch" sale)


Mustalgame photos


@ Apple II Documentation Project

Mustalgame manual

^ 2016-02-02 (last revised 2017-08-27)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Enhanced Apple //e system with mind-boggling software collection

I am indebted to Mr H. of the Eastern States of Australia for agreeing to furnish me with his treasured Apple IIe system and an all-encompassing software collection, many magazines, manuals, original boxes, peripheral cards...  on the morning of Christmas Eve (2015), I joyfully took delivery of the entire collection (shipped in 14 large boxes) and eagerly set to work unpacking and configuring the system.

Here are photos of the "finished" setup, taken on the evening of 24 December.  The Apple Dot Matrix Printer, KoalaPad, Kaga RGB vision-II monitor, UniDisk 3.5", 2 x Disk II 5.25" drives, Anko joystick, platinum //e mouse (A2M2070), and system fan were all included as part of the package.  Also a spare mouse (A2M4015Z) not depicted here.  (I added a 4-way 9-pin serial switchbox to permit easy switching of multiple joysticks)


                  Anko Joystick - from the makers of Kraft 



Apple IIe ad (Feb 1983 BYTE)   Apple IIe review (Feb 1983 BYTE)   Apple IIe released (April 1983 Electronics Australia)

Apple IIe 1984 brochure (cover)

  NB: The 'e' in Apple IIe stands for 'enhanced' (in relation to the Apple II Plus) - don't confuse this with the "Enhanced Apple IIe" introduced in 1985 (with new ROMs & 65C02 CPU akin to the Apple IIc).  The BYTE review (Feb 1983) above-centre refers to the early Revision A Apple IIe, which was replaced just a few months later by Revision B (adding support for double hi-res colour graphics).  Apple offered the A-B upgrade for free, but charged for the enhanced upgrade in the form of the dealer-installed "Apple IIe Enhancement Kit".  All Apple IIe's produced from March 1985 onwards came enhanced as standard, including of course the Platinum IIe sold between 1987-1993.  The IIe which I acquired from Mr H is a pre-1985 unit that was subsequently enhanced and has a "65C02" label over the keyboard power light.


Apple IIe 1984 brochure (excerpt)


As featured in brochure - Drol (1983 Broderbund) original box & disk available HERE & HERE & HERE


"A peeled Apple IIe" poster


(1985 Apple Computer Australia)


I used to have the above poster on my wall!  Compliments of an Apple dealer in Perth (one just had to ask nicely).  It shows the PAL Apple IIe with UK keyboard that was sold in Australia at the time.  Like a lot of things, it got tossed over the years — above photo is sourced from web.




"The Apple IIe Keyboard" poster

A3 size double-sided (ca 1985-86 Apple Computer Australia)

 Download PDF (high-resolution scan)



"Win one of 10 Apple IIe Personal Computer Systems" competition

(September 1983 Cleo magazine Australia)


Photos of Mr H's near-miraculous Apple II 5.25" floppy disk collection (with many originals).  It took 5 x stackable plastic twin drawers (obtained from Officeworks) to house them all.



Some of the manuals and books included with the collection (complete set of Apple IIe manuals and much more besides...)


[Apple Dot Matrix Printer User's Manual Part II: Guide to Apple II now available HERE - for Part I: Reference see HERE]


Comparison of all variants of the original beige Apple //e (USA & international)



Apple IIe Supplement to the Owner's Manual


Original software boxes and manuals (plus binders with photocopied documentation) - much of what you see here was delivered as part of the collection







The Apple II Blue Book (2nd edition) & The Apple User's Encyclopedia



Also featured were this beautiful set of Apple II magazines - A+, inCider, Nibble, COMPUTE!'s Apple Applications, Apple User (UK), various user group publications (Applecations etc), plus photocopied manuals, etc.



The centrepiece of the collection - Apple //e (PAL model) with 65C02 & enhanced ROM upgrade


Rear views of the Apple //e showing ASTEC 230V power supply & underside with model/serial number



Interior view of Apple //e showing pre-installed cards

Slot 1 - FingerPrint Plus

Slot 2 - TimeMaster II H.O. clock card

Auxiliary slot - Digicard 64K extended 80 column RGB card for Apple //e

Slot 4 - Apple //e mouse card
Slot 5 - Unidisk 3.5" controller card
Slot 6 - Disk II interface card
Slot 7 - Apple Memory Expansion Card (1MB)



Disk II drives and Apple Dot Matrix Printer [220/240V model] (see below for UniDisk 3.5")



[Apple Dot Matrix Printer User's Manual Part II: Guide to Apple II now available HERE - for Part I: Reference see HERE]


Apple Dot Matrix Printer Reference Card




Missing drive labels?  Disk ][ 3D stickers from are the answer!




Kaga RGB vision-II 12" colour monitor (Taxan) [240V model] - rear connectors



Taxan advertisement RGB vision monitor (February 1984, inCider)


[Scan courtesy of Asimov FTP server ]


Ads for Taxan RGB monitors & Apple II peripherals etc (March 1983 BYTE & March 1986 Electronics Today AU)


"Unlimited colors through linear amplifier video circuit..."


[Kaga Taxan RGB Vision Color Monitor Manual now available HERE]





Apple IIGS monitor alternative?

It seems some people have successfully used Kaga Taxan as an alternative monitor for the Apple IIGS.  I've personally had experience with a Thomson RGB monitor (model CM 31381 VIR) on the IIGS.  Excellent image with somewhat larger display area than the AppleColor RGB Monitor, and a handy dial at the front lets you toggle different colour modes - even monochrome green.  As with Kaga, a custom cable to match up the signals is all that's needed.  The Thomson no longer works but here's how it looks:-


Thomson RGB monitor with custom-made connector for Apple IIGS



Thomson color composite monitor ad for Apple IIc & IIe etc.


November 1986 COMPUTE!


NB: "A Hands-On Look At The New Apple IIGS Computer" is this issue's featured cover story




KoalaPad (Apple II 16-pin model)




I hope this KoalaPad doesn't feel lonesome as koalas aren't found in Perth... but there is a tiny marsupial cousin - the adorable "quokka" !! (I took these photos on Rottnest Island in September 2014)



TG Products Select-A-Port


Info on TG Products Select-A-Port - a nifty piece of kit for connecting multiple 16-pin Apple II gaming/joystick devices


Gaming paddles


Taxan 80 column & RGB card for the Apple IIe - original box with contents


[Manual available HERE]


PerfectData 5.25" disk drive head cleaning kit




Box containing spare peripheral cards - EDD Plus copy card, Auto Mouth Talk Card (S.A.M. / Software Automatic Mouth), Grappler+ printer interface etc.


Essential Data Duplicator (EDD) - a copy program for the Apple II - is the brainchild of Donald A. Schnapp, written whilst still in high school, and sold through his company Utilico Software (of Bondi Beach, Sydney), with international distribution being carried out from California.  Eventually he teamed up with Charles J. Rosenberg, an American teenager who had designed an auxiliary disk drive controller capable of reading raw bitstreams, and the result was the supremely powerful "EDD 4 Plus" (software + card combo).


EDD Plus cable for UniDisk 5.25" or DuoDisk (DB-19 connector)


Video of EDD 4+ card in action backing up original Microsoft Decathlon is HERE


Grappler+ by Orange Micro


A widely emulated standard for Apple II parallel printer interfaces


[Grappler+ brochure now available HERE and manual for The Bufferboard is HERE]


The auxiliary slot of the Apple IIe came preconfigured with the Digicard Extended 80 column RGB card (manufactured by Maclagan Wright & Associates of Melbourne).  This is a really great piece of hardware.

Some pages from the Digicard manual describing its key features:



 "... Note that the switch under the front of the Apple now changes the Apple HI-RES modes between colour and monochrome" 


Digicard DIP switch settings - user-selectable colours for normal and inverse text in 40 & 80 columns


[Digicard 64K Extended 80 Column RGB Card for Apple IIe Instruction Manual now available HERE]


Here is what AppleWorks looks like on the Kaga RGB vision-II monitor with the Digicard configured to display text in dark blue.  As you can see, 80 column text is very crisp and usable:-



 For certain applications - e.g. those using double hi-res colour - menus and graphical text are barely readable (but this is no different to regular composite displays).  Screenshot of MultiScribe on the Kaga RGB vision-II monitor with Digicard in colour mode:-

But fear not!  Flip the rocker switch underneath the Apple //e keyboard, and the Digicard instantly converts to monochrome (560 x 192 double hi-res in this example) - now all the screen elements in MultiScribe are perfectly legible!


Double hi-res screenshots of Neuromancer on the Kaga RGB vision-II monitor with Digicard in colour mode:-





Prince of Persia, Spy vs Spy, Paperboy, Maniac Mansion & Archon II on the Kaga RGB vision-II monitor




Close-ups of the Kaga RGB vision-II monitor (front) and the fingerpad of the FingerPrint Plus.  Pressing the fingerpad interrupts the running program, and up pops a menu with useful options (screen dump etc)



First tryout of Apple Dot Matrix Printer - Airheart screen dump made with FingerPrint Plus

[Manual for FingerPrint Plus available HERE]


Plastic transportation disk (for UniDisk 3.5" drive)



Mr H also collected information and articles on subjects which interested him, all meticulously indexed on his Apple //e






Mr H describes the database system in his own words (from user group newsletter of 1989)


  Mr H on his databases





Complementary items snagged during a Perth "garage sale"


KoalaPad in original box





Vintage Apple II carry bag





Apple co-founder Mike Markkula with his Apple II carry bag, showing correct use of top pocket for storing cassettes


230V Apple II Europlus power supply serial # A2M0030-007536




^ 2015-12-26 (last revised 2018-01-22)

Apple IIe Extended 80-Column Video Card (assembled in Australia)

Apple Computer part number A661-91097


Mr GC kindly permitted me to photograph this Apple IIe (pre-platinum PAL model) with an Australian made extended 80-column video card.  I don't think I've ever seen one of these before!  Rather unusually, it plugs into both the auxiliary slot and slot 3 (which line up directly in the PAL IIe).  The slot 3 connector is a mostly blank wafer with just a single "finger" making electrical contact inside the slot.  The card has an RCA composite output which yields a better picture on the ColorMonitor IIe than the standard PAL output jack of the motherboard.

[I found better photos HERE & HERE and an enlightening discussion HERE.  Note that there is absolutely nothing wrong with the PAL Apple IIe's standard composite video output - e.g. see my Jumpman screenshot (PAL IIe direct to PAL Commodore 1084S monitor). The issue lies with the 240V PAL ColorMonitor IIe itself.  According to AUSOM News (March 1987), the colours appear swapped around i.e. blue is red, green is blue, red is green.  Instead of fixing the monitor, they came up with this workaround video card.  Whether the equivalent PAL ColorMonitor IIe in Europe exhibits this problem I cannot say.  Those units won't be the same as those sold in Australia - besides voltage (220V), and a northern hemisphere-tuned CRT picture tube, the logic board could also differ.]


Illustrative pictorial sourced from eBay...

ColorMonitor IIe on 240V PAL Apple //e with "extended 80-column video card"


NB: According to the discussion HERE the 240V "AppleColor Composite Monitor IIe" (A2M6021X) only supports colour with "International NTSC-50" and not PAL (having now obtained an A2M6021X of my own I can personally confirm this finding) The earlier 240V "ColorMonitor IIe" made between 1985-86 (seen above) predates the platinum Apple //e and is the correct model for the original beige PAL //e in Australia/New Zealand (when fitted with A661-91097 video card!).




Table comparing all international variants of the beige Apple //e

Apple II Europlus


Mr GC also had this gorgeous, mint condition Apple II Europlus

Apple II on cover of Electronics Australia (February 1979)


ComputerLand (Melbourne) Apple II Plus ad (above)  &  description of the Apple II Plus (below)

Both from my 1980 edition of "Electronics Australia - Microprocessors & Personal Computers"

(did they actually sell the NTSC Apple II Plus in Australia, during the very early days?)


    I found the definitive answer HERE - the "Eurapple" mod was standard in the early Australian Apple II Plus (i.e. PAL 50Hz B&W output via motherboard RCA jack), and PAL colour RF modulator card was an optional extra


Apple UCSD Pascal  &  C.E.D. Card Reader  —  ads by ComputerLand (Melbourne)

Electronics Australia - June & July 1980


Apple II Graphics Tablet (A2M2007)

photos courtesy eBay


Apple II advertisement

Electronics Australia - October 1981

Early Apple II reference manuals supplied by ComputerLand Australia

^ 2016-05-16 (last revised 2018-01-05)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

AppleColor Composite Monitor specifications



Feedback card with Apple Computer Australia warranty insert



Check out my video showing screenshots from AppleColor Composite Monitor IIe (A2M6021 120V NTSC-60 model) HERE


"ColorMonitor IIe / IIc" - as they were originally called when launched in late 1985


NB: ColorMonitor IIe is beige, whereas AppleColor Composite Monitor IIe is platinum - colour-matched for original Apple IIe and platinum IIe, respectively.  I'm unclear if the IIc model was ever released in the PAL countries (early PAL Apple IIc i.e. model #A2S4000* (*=Z, F, B, N etc) needs extra adaptor anyhow to output colour.  Though the later model //c for those markets (e.g. A2S4100X) were inherently capable of colour, outputting an 'International NTSC-50' type of signal compatible with 220-240V models of the AppleColor Composite Monitor (e.g. A2M6021X) - see discussion HERE)

The 120V version monitors sold in North America support colour with regular NTSC-60 only (other video modes i.e. PAL & NTSC-50 will come up in monochrome).  'International NTSC-50' was a new standard introduced with the platinum Apple IIe (as sold in PAL markets) in January 1987 - any 220-240V model of the AppleColor Composite Monitor IIe manufactured from this date ought to be compatible.  A hardware modification to convert International NTSC Apple IIe to regular NTSC is described HERE.  The original pre-platinum Apple IIe sold in PAL markets from 1983-86 has a regular PAL colour output (compatible with any PAL monitor & many TVs).  When a CRT monitor designed for the northern hemisphere is operated in the southern hemisphere (or vice versa), certain colours may appear faded or patchy in some parts of the screen - a consequence of the CRT picture tube having been factory calibrated for the magnetic field of the opposing hemisphere.


Apple //e — PAL & International NTSC flavours




Screenshots from AppleColor Composite Monitor IIe (A2M6021X 240V NTSC-50 model) on my platinum 'International NTSC' Apple IIe (A2S2128X)


Alien Arcade — Skyfox — Airheart — Prince of Persia — Transylvania — Mario Bros — Lode Runner — Karateka — Apple IIe self-diagnostic



The A2M6021X supports colour with 'International NTSC-50' only (other video modes i.e. PAL & NTSC-60 will come up in monochrome)


To see colour on this display you'll need either a 220-240V Platinum Apple IIe 'International NTSC' or 220-240V Apple //c 'Memory Expansion' model (e.g. A2S4100X)


AppleColor Monitor 100 Apple's official RGB solution for Apple IIe & III

Monitor on American NTSC Apple //e with Extended 80-Column Text/AppleColor Card in auxiliary slot


NB: third-party adapters allow the monitor to be used on Apple II/II Plus/IIc and it can be made IIGS compatible by setting an internal switch


Steve Wozniak with AppleColor Monitor 100 & Apple IIe

^ 2016-05-13 (last revised 2017-12-23)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

RamFactor 8M  (from


Praise the heavens!  This snazzy new RamFactor 8M landed in my hands on 18 July 2016.


RamFactor 8M raring to go in slot 7 of my enhanced Apple //e






With the addition of a small CR2032 battery, the memory contents of the RamFactor 8M are preserved even whilst the computer is powered off (just like AE's RamCharger)



TIP:  If you want to have multiple partitions on the RamFactor, they should be setup exclusively as storage partitions.  Because once the active partition is made bootable, you can no longer call up the Partition Manager to select a different partition (without wiping RAM).  So in practice, you have a choice between a single bootable partition OR one or more storage partitions (selectable via the Partition Manager — PR#n).  The computer can only see a single partition on the RamFactor at any given time.  There is nothing to stop you putting programs on a non-booting ("storage") partition, just the operating system will have to be loaded from someplace else (floppy or hard disk) in order to utilize them.


Various utilities can aid the tasks of backing up and restoring a RAM disk.  Taking an actual example from earlier years:

Infocom Shogun (5.25" ProDOS-based game) was copied in its entirety to a RAM disk.  Using ProSel 'BACKUP' this was imaged to a file on a 3.5" disk.  This 3.5" disk boots into ProSel 'RESTORE' which rapidly rebuilds the RAM disk.  (The ProSel-8 manual explains everything in detail)




I've used an Apple IIGS RAM disk of 1024K to illustrate the process but it's similar for a RamFactor or other slinky card which ProDOS recognizes automatically

 (For Apple IIe or IIc with auxiliary RAM expansion (e.g. RamWorks, Z-RAM) ProDOS won't configure a large RAM disk automatically - an additional driver is needed here)

 My old ProTERM 3.0 disk employed a different approach.  I had it setup with AE's Autocopy to automate copying the contents of the 3.5" disk to RAM. (But slightly modified so that holding down the Open-Apple key bypasses RAM copy)



Autocopy is an Applesoft program compatible with any ProDOS RAM disk (slinky or GS).  Some versions - like the one shown here - will also automatically create a large RAM disk for RamWorks/Z-RAM-type cards (using the bundled ProDrive driver).


^ 2016-07-18 (last revised 2017-11-13)

Apple IIe starring in the movie "Bliss" (1985 Sydney)


Apple IIe as 1980's drug of choice?

Surgeon General's Warning: Apple II is seriously addictive!


Macintosh in "Crocodile Dundee II" (1988)


"American Genius - Jobs vs Gates" (2015 National Geographic)


Bill Gates at the University of Washington (February 2012 UWTV)

(I tuned into his talk from a hotel room in Seattle!)



Tributes flow to Steve Jobs

(personal photos - October 2011, Taipei)


      Guanghua Digital Plaza in Taipei

^ 2016-01-09 (last revised 2017-02-28)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Pravetz 8M - Apple II Europlus clone (Bulgaria) - Правец 8М

 ◊  Released circa 1985

◊  Apple II+ clone with 6502 CPU and integrated Z-80 SoftCard for running CP/M

◊  Integrated 16K Language Card (for 64K RAM total)

◊  Clone of Apple II Europlus PAL version (50Hz frame rate) - outputs B&W only - needs a PAL card in slot 7 ("PAL Encoder" or "Euro Color PAL-SECAM Card") to output in colour (alternatively hardware modification to motherboard to output NTSC color)

◊  Selectable Latin / Cyrillic character set (keyboard & text display)

◊  High quality Soviet era internal speaker (possibly of better quality than Apple's)

◊  In theory, can accept any card that works with Apple ][+ except RAM cards with ribbon cables connecting to the motherboard 4116 DRAMs since the Pravetz uses higher density 4164 DRAMs and has a language-card already built-in

◊  ProDOS needs to be patched for compatibility as for Franklin/Laser and most other clones since it contains a "prawec" string instead of "APPLE ][" in its ROM - alternatively, one can burn an original Apple ROM and replace the standard factory ROM

I acquired this venerable Apple II clone on eBay in December 2015 for a good (i.e. "non-vintage") price, taking delivery on 4 January 2016.  Thanks to seller George for providing most of the detailed info (above) on the Pravetz, along with the DIP switch settings for configuring the integrated peripherals (see further down).



Pravetz 8M Apple II Europlus clone - main unit & close-up of keyboard with latin and cyrillic support



Close-up of Pravetz logo & underside of case showing serial number and 1987 manufacturing date



Rear view of Pravetz 8M.  There is a 5-pin DIN socket for cassette tape recorder.



First test of Pravetz 8M with Choplifter



The Pravetz 8M came supplied with an 80 column card and Disk II interface card (clone) in slots 3 & 6.  For kicks, I added an EDD Plus card to slot 5 (but later shifted to slot 4).

The Pravetz 80 column card has a "soft-switch" to alternate between standard video and 80 column mode.  There is a cable going from the card to a socket on the motherboard where normally there would be a chip which has been relocated to the card itself.  (On a real ][+ with a similar setup the chip in question would be either a 9334 or a 74LS259 in the F-14 socket).  The monitor plugs directly into the video jack of the card, which outputs all text and graphics modes and switches between them transparently.  Years ago, I had a Rosco "Auto-Screen 80" card with soft-switch which offered the same functionality  [Rosco soft-switch instructions HERE]


Close-up of Pravetz Disk II interface card


Close-up of Z-80 CPU on the motherboard (lying just below the 6502)


For comparison, here is a shot of my Z-80 SoftCard (Hong Kong clone) - I've had it since 1984, wonder if it still works?  The Pravetz 8M integrates all this on its main board!
    Yes, confirmed working in December 2016


Pravetz 8M motherboard DIP switches for configuration of integrated peripherals


Pravetz 8M - DIP switch configuration table



0 1
1 16K RAM Card ON OFF
5 Z80 Address shift ON OFF
6 Character set CYRILLIC LATIN
7 Speaker OFF ON
8 (Not used)    



Pravetz 8M paired with an Apple //c monochrome monitor


... and a Mitac half-height 5.25" disk drive


Mitac AD-3C Apple II floppy disk drive ad - scanned from October 1985 inCider


Kraft 16 to 9 pin joystick adapter plugged into the gameport for easy external connection of 9-pin joysticks.  The Pravetz 8M gameport is identical to that found on a regular II+ or //e.  The orientation is also the same (pin 1 at the keyboard end).


Close-up view of Pravetz 8M game port socket (16-pin DIP).  Due to the presence of an interface header sticking up directly behind the gameport it's much easier to insert a connector that has a ribbon cable, than one with a rear-protruding moulded cord.  The Kraft adapter was a tight fit, being of the rear-cord variety.  Nevertheless it's working perfectly even if I couldn't push it all the way in.


Pravetz 8M greets you with "prawec" on startup in place of "Apple ]["


 DOS 3.3 System Master recognizes the built-in 16K Language Card and loads Integer BASIC onto it


 The Pravetz 8M has built-in support for upper and lowercase


 The "KИP" key serves as toggle for lowercase entry.  An amber light beside the keyboard comes on for lowercase.  Also, the keyboard is auto-repeating (hence no "REPT" key).


ProDOS hangs on the startup screen - it needs a patch same as most other clones since the ROM contains a "prawec" string instead of "APPLE ][" which ProDOS checks for [patched ProDOS available HERE or try the new ProDOS 2.4.1 HERE]


Back in 1984, ProPATCH from Canada could have solved this problem...




 CP/M and WordStar tested working with the Pravetz 8M's built-in Z-80 SoftCard.  The 80 column card is detected and utilized automatically.  The WordStar menu does show cyrillic where inverse text would ordinarily be Notice how the lowercase 80 column characters (e.g. 'y' and 'g') have "true descenders" - in the Western world such 80 column cards typically carried a premium price tag.


NB: Having the Z-80 enabled does not interfere with the running of non-CP/M programs in any way - it behaves just like a standard Z-80 card in a real ][+, activating only when CP/M is loaded.  As far as I can tell the Z-80 maps to slot 5.


From rudimentary Applesoft testing, Pravetz 40 column mode supports INVERSE and FLASHING uppercase text, but not in 80 columns where text always appears as NORMAL.  I also discovered several CTRL keystroke commands at the Applesoft prompt that are only available in 80 column mode (PR#3):-

  CTRL-A     Soft-toggle for UPPERCASE & lowercase  
  CTRL-O     Switch to cyrillic character set } cyrillic & latin elements can be mixed on the
  CTRL-N     Switch to latin character set } same page or even in the same line
  CTRL-Z then CTRL-<any key>     Generates special graphics characters similar mode of operation as the Videx Videoterm
  CTRL-Z then 1     Revert to 40-column mode  

Pravetz 8M 80-column mode


 Comparing 40-column screen text of Pravetz 8M (left) & Apple //e (right)

Pravetz 8M 40-column text  Apple //e 40-column text


I managed to get AppleWorks running on the Pravetz 8M in 80 columns using Videx AppleWorks Modify Plus:-



An old favourite - Beach-Head II on the Pravetz 8M



Xevious & Crazy Climber on the Pravetz 8M



Music & speech synthesis on the Pravetz 8M


Songwriter brochure

  Songwriter command summary Apple II


Kraft KC 3 joystick

Top champ with the Pravetz 8M



^ 2016-01-05 (last revised 2017-11-22)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

VERSAcard by Prometheus

All-in-one serial & parallel interface, clock/calendar (Thunderclock compatible), and BSR control



 Overview of the VERSAcard (August 1982, Creative Computing) & ad for Thunderclock Plus (February 1982, Softalk)



VERSAcard original brochure & manual cover

 Download as PDF



VERSAcard placed in slot 2 of my Pravetz 8M. Fresh batteries (2 x size N) have been fitted.

DIP switches on the Versacard are configured to map the clock card to slot 1, with the parallel interface disabled.  The serial interface always appears in the physical slot (in this case 2).  The manual HERE explains everything in abundant detail.  Though I'm mainly interested in the clock/calendar functions for now.


 I downloaded a patched ProDOS 8 (v1.9) that works on any 64K clone from HERE (alternatively one could use the new ProDOS 2.4.1 HERE) The clock programs you see above were manually keyed in from the VERSAcard manual.



VERSAcard showing correct date and time.  Unlike the Thunderclock, the VERSAcard does store the year, which is set to "1916".  Just tack on 100 for the current century.



Testing out the official Thunderclock Plus (DOS 3.3) utilities (disk image HERE



 Thunderclock is detected in slot 1 and time and date are recognized.  So the VERSAcard lives up to its emulation claim.



 MBASIC program to read the clock in CP/M



ProDOS 8 has a built-in driver for the Thunderclock (and compatibles).  Since the Thunderclock doesn't supply the year, ProDOS calculates this from a look-up table based on other date information.  For the moment, I can't get this to work properly.  ProDOS reports the year as 2000, and shows the wrong day and time - only the month is picked up correctly.  I did use the CLOCK.PATCH program (included with GS/OS System 6.0.x) to update the ProDOS Thunderclock year table but still the issue persists.  Though if the basic date isn't even read correctly the year will be awry regardless. 



ProDOS expects the date and time in Thunderclock "numeric" format (e.g. 10,01,13,10,55,01 {ASCII string} which translates as October, Monday, 13th, 10:55:01 AM), but my VERSAcard (with v1.41 ROM) seems to omit the leading 0 in the day-of-week (10,1,13,10,55,01).

Actual example of the VERSAcard numeric format:-


NB: ProDOS compatibility was fixed in later versions of the VERSAcard (see Cecil Fretwell's article "Date Computer" in November 1985 Call-A.P.P.L.E.)


Apple Pascal 1.1 reads the clock perfectly, including the year!


 Nor did I have to apply any patches - this disk drawn from the collection of Mr H came pre-configured for VERSAcard - hence the following error message when launched from AppleWin:


Thunderclock Plus by Thunderware

The original standard for Apple II time-keeping in ProDOS 8

^ 2016-06-02 (last revised 2017-12-08)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

ProModem 1200A by Prometheus

Internal card modem for the Apple II with onboard comms software & Hayes Smartmodem compatibility

 Ad for ProModem 1200A & 2400A (February 1989, inCider)




Prometheus ProModem 1200A-2 sitting pretty in slot 7 of my Apple ][+ clone



The built-in terminal software can be called up anytime with PR#n or IN#n (n=7 in my case)The "Terminal Driver" screen will appear allowing commands to be issued directly to the modem.  A menu of options (baud rate, file transfer etc.) can be invoked with ESC followed by some key like RETURN or SPACEESC-C enables the scrollback buffer.  ESC-S enters scrollback to review the online history (use arrow keys to move up and down) ESC-D initiates file receive & ESC-X initiates file send (only works under DOS 3.3)ESC-Q quits the terminal (returns to ] prompt if DOS/ProDOS resident, else the monitor).




The bundled ProCom-A software (on two 5.25" disks) is rather more sophisticated.  It supports all Prometheus ProModem models (internal & external), the Hayes Micromodem and Novation Apple-Cat II, and in general any Hayes compatible external modem connected via Super Serial Card, VERSAcard, or IIc/IIGS serial port.  It features a configurable phone book, a word processor and support for 80 columns.



ProCom-A also compatible with Apple IIGS (including mouse!)


Many third-party communications programs such as ProTERM do offer native support for the Prometheus ProModem.  And if it's not listed as an option, configuring for a Hayes Smartmodem & Super Serial Card will most likely work.


Here's a photo of an earlier model of the ProModem (pre-1986) which actually consists of two separate cards connected by a ribbon cable


^ 2016-12-07 (last revised 2016-12-13)

DataLink 2400 by Applied Engineering

Advanced Internal 2400/1200/300 bps Modem for the Apple IIe, IIGS and II+


^ 2017-07-09

 DIRECT LINK to this section 


Photo of Hong Kong's (infamous?) Golden Computer Arcade taken by me on 17 January 2011 during a visit to the city.  It may not look like much but at its peak, this place likely had the greatest concentration of shops in the world selling Apple II gear (mostly cloned or pirated).  InfoWorld March 1984 reported more than 500 stores in the centre alone, plus a further 300 stores in surrounding back alleys.  How much of this Apple II legacy remains?  Not much, since everything old gets thrown out to make way for the new in Hong Kong (if you see the size of the average H.K. apartment dwelling you will understand).

香港深水埗黃金電腦商場,當年無人不知,照片於二○一一年一月十七日旅港時所攝。現在看來不大起眼,但在全盛時期,Apple II蘋果二型用品店密集於此(所售多是剽竊仿製貨色),數量之多並世無儔。據InfoWorld一九八四年三月報導,當時該商場有店鋪五百多家,附近橫街另有三百左右。昔時此地的AppleII風光,至今餘幾?大都煙消雲散!香港迎新必棄舊,寸金尺土使然,你若看過一般港人住的「白鴿籠」便會明白。



Sub Battle Simulator manual for Apple II (supplied with disk purchase for an extra fee) from Hong Kong's Golden Computer Arcade


Apple II clone parts ad (Nov 1983)  Apple II joysticks & accessories ad (Nov 1983)  Super 5 disk drives & printers ad (Nov 1983)  Ad for VTech Laser 3000 & FD 100 disk drive (April 1985)  Ad for FD-103 disk drive (aka Meiji 128) (July 1985)

Apple II hardware galore!


  Colour scans of rare Apple II clone and peripheral advertisements from Computer Products trade journal 1983-86 (published in Hong Kong) - 29 pages





See also my video "Laser 3000 in the movies" HERE




  High quality scans of Pineapple Operation Manual (Apple II clone)






A sampling of typical Hong Kong warez CDs of the 1990s (I didn't install any of them, honest!)



ABOVE: "Computec" floppy disks from H.K. (very popular in Australia), "Host" 3½ disks & Australian made "Nashua" disks

BELOW: The coloured "CenTech" floppy disks from the USA were a novelty and great favourite of mine - once widely available in Australia in same or multi-colour packs


Genuine Apple IIGS promotional watch from 1986 (made in Hong Kong)

See my video of the Apple IIGS watch HERE



Two special timepieces from ca. 1997.  The one on the left is a unique commemorative watch with embossed pouch presented to some members of the Royal Hong Kong Police in the lead-up to the 1997 handover to China.  My uncle, who served in this force before retiring in the early 1980s, had received one and kindly gifted it to me.  The very aesthetic Apple watch (with MacOS on the wristband) was something I acquired when it first became available through Apple Australia's merchandise catalogue (I don't recall the exact year).  NB: It was advertised for US$28.99 in the "Apple Merchandising Catalog - StartingLine" (1995-96)



 US$1,999.99 ???!!

  cvxmelody in Hong Kong (February 1977)

Souvenir bag recalling a past visit to Hong Kong's Ocean Park (I was also there in 1977!)

 (the Super Mario sticker is my own addition - btw, was amazed to discover recently that this game has been ported to the Apple IIGS !)






  To celebrate Apple's 40th anniversary, 8Bitdo Tech HK Ltd releases AP40 Bluetooth gamepad for Apple II (2016-17)






 LEFT: Old photo taken around 1993 showing an Apple souvenir cup (sitting atop the modem) and Apple mouse pad with logo (both items are featured in The Apple Collection Catalog (1987-88) which also depicts an Apple IIGS on its front cover).  The microphone plugged into the Sonic Blaster of my Apple IIGS.  The cup was later smashed after I accidentally dropped it.  The modem was a pretty sophisticated model - an Australian (Austel-approved) version of the Penril DataComm (good close-up photo HERE) - which I had gotten for a good price during a corporate close-out.  It was known as the Scitec Datalink in Australia.  Virtually every setting could be configured directly using the push buttons and LCD menu on the front.  I had experienced several modems up to that point, including the Supra Modem that was popular with Apple II users in the USA - it ran off a 110V step-down transformer and was technically illegal having no Austel approval [click for my scan of Supra Modem advertisement from inCider/A+] (NB: it was later sold as the Q-Modem by Quality Computers).  And from 1994 onwards, I had periods of fun with Maestro and NetComm.  But my first ever modem was the Automatic Ice internal Apple card modem (Auto Ice was based in Newcastle, Australia).


Auto-Ice Modem mini-introduction (WAppleII)


Even after making the switch to external modems, I hung onto the Auto Ice a while longer for its built-in ProDOS clock (Thunderclock compatible, backed up by two AAA batteries) and Viatel capability. It also had Bell 103 support (for calling American BBSes at 300 baud - a 1987 list of GBBS Pro boards in the USA is HERE). All the comms software was onboard but I recently saw an article in Applecations (March 1988) confirming the modem would also work with some regular terminal programs e.g. ASCII Express Pro & Pinpoint's Point-to-Point.

  Apple Computer Australia also released an internal Apple II card modem (the "In/Modem 1200" made for them by NetComm), and Maestro had an Apple II modem which didn't require a serial card (see also HERE).  Then there was the "Hampack II" sold by a Melbourne company:

Ad for Hampack II modem (Jan 1984)  Ad for Hampack modem, Apple II cards & joystick (Nov 1985)  Apple II joystick (sold in the Far East, Australia, USA etc)


Auto-Ice Apple Modem

 RIGHT: On the shelf, there are original boxes for a Ram GS memory card and Zip Chip - I still have this hardware but the boxes are long gone.  You can also just about make out several original Broderbund Apple II titles - Lode Runner ; Choplifter! & David's Midnight Magic (double pack edition) ; Prince of Persia, and Epyx Impossible Mission (I).  In an unexplained fit of largesse, I gave them away for free in the mid-1990s (along with around 500 Apple II 5.25" disks and many gaming manuals) to a guy in Perth with a platinum Apple //e, and never saw them again...

    Reacquired - another BOXED edition of David's Midnight Magic - original scans now available HERE


And sealed double pack Choplifter & David's Midnight Magic - original box scan available HERE


UPDATE:  SupraModem redux - how nice is that? (December 8, 2016)



Q-Modem complete in original box - twin souls? (December 29, 2016)

        Q-Modem power supply made by Supra Corp

[Q-Modem 2400 Reference Card now available HERE]





ABOVE: Upon re-acquiring an Apple IIe setup in December 2015 (thanks are due to Mr H of the Eastern States of Australia), I was thrilled to be reunited with an original Lode Runner disk and manual!

BELOW: Surviving backup copies of my original Prince of Persia disk. I had ordered this game from the US when it first came out, but was unable to back it up myself.  I gave the job to a copy-protection expert in Perth who lived nearby and owned an EDD 4 Plus card.  The backup disk is labelled with the precise procedure he used to successfully duplicate the bootside - sync, bit-copy, manual nibble count. 



Further examples of his endeavours - assorted backups of Mr Cool, Kid Niki, 2400 A.D. (cracked versions are his own), and some original specimens (Computist Super IOB Collection #1-4 etc.)


Probably a copy he made of the Airheart disk which I had purchased from Hong Kong's Golden Computer Arcade in 1988

 Though not an original, it was pristine, uncracked and retained the full copy-protection.  I bought much else from the same shop including many double hi-res games, etc. - most were uncracked and hard to copy.  It took them several days to fulfil my order but all their disks worked perfectly.




Beagle Bros ads from Softalk and Australian Personal Computer (1982)


Original scans - "Disk Inspection and the use of Super IOB"



My annual subscription to "The Road Apple" (An Apple // "End Users" Underground Newsletter)

Sadly, I no longer have even a single issue left - but there's an original scan HERE



Prince of Persia 2: The Shadow and the Flame - screenshots from Mac PowerBook 3400c (NB: Mac version of this game offers superior quality with 640x480 graphics vs. Windows with 320x200)




 The Golden Orchard CD-ROM  — Apple IIGS software goodies (above)


  AUGE CD #1  — Mac & Apple IIGS collection by Apple User Group Europe (below)




 DeluxeWare CD-ROM  — Apple IIGS software bonanza by Brutal Deluxe Software & La Pomme Illustrée



"Apple II Schaltpläne - The Apple II Circuit Description" (1984 German edition)

 & "Apple ][ BASIC Hand-Buch" (Sybex)  [courtesy of James Kunz]



"Yes, Master?" Apple IIc poster by Rich Tennant (1987) - I got it from Open-Apple/A2-Central back in the day


Rediscovered box for my Spectravideo QuickShot X deluxe joystick controller (Apple II) - the stick itself was discarded ages ago




 My circa 1991 QuickShot "Warrior 1" QS-133 deluxe analog joystick (Apple II & IBM PC) - still a smooth operator after all these years



 New sealed in box units may still be available from Amazon - see HERE



Some photos of my Macintosh PowerBook 180c, newly purchased in February 1994 from an Apple dealer in Windsor House (Causeway Bay, Hong Kong).  Being the top-of-the-line PowerBook at the time, it didn't come cheap, but in Australia would surely have cost three times as much!  To my chagrin, Apple discontinued the PowerBook 100 line just a short while later, coming out with a brand new series.  Still, I was happy with the 180c and its vibrant active-matrix display, and it gave me good service up until 2000 when I finally packed it away (but still working).  When powered on again in 2015, the hard disk failed to properly boot, the display functioned somewhat at first, but then something in the hinge broke and now it only ever shows a white screen (in the photo you can see how the LCD is lopsided - not good).  Incidentally, the Apple carry bag and video adapter cable were standard inclusions (though a piggyback adapter was needed for VGA plug).  The dual battery charger, spare battery, and HP DeskWriter 520 (only the manuals are left) were purchased a short while later in Australia.  The Technöggin PowerPlate 5x may have been something I imported from the US.  And at one stage there was also a Gravis Mac GamePad.





PowerPlate reviewed in Australian Macworld - May 1994


PowerBook 180c in The Apple Catalog - Fall 1993 (USA)

Complete catalog available at DocSlide - several Apple II products were still on Apple's pricelist at this time (Joystick, High-Speed SCSI Card, SuperDrive Controller Card, Apple II Memory Expansion Card, etc)


"We're behind you and your Apple II" Apple Computer ad (April 1993 inCider/A+)


Earlier, in Fall 1990, Apple had published "The Apple II Guide" "A complete resource for users of Apple II computers" with forewords by Steve Wozniak and John Sculley.  I obtained a free, original copy of this tome simply by writing away to Apple, though which now appears lost!  Fortunately, digital preservations are not lacking e.g. see HERE.  There's also a revised 1992 edition - details HERE

["System 6: The Future is Here" from The Apple II Guide (1992) now available HERE]


Nice table cloth to keep your Apple clean and shiny


 Apple jade paperweight


Atarisoft collection, Ghostbusters, Batman, Ikari Warriors, Platoon


Kung-Fu Master & Moebius


Dark Castle


Test Drive & California Games

[Test Drive manual & disk scans now available HERE]

Test Drive (8-bit) NTSC TV screenshot (Apple IIGS)  California Games (8-bit) NTSC TV screenshot (Apple IIGS)  California Games (8-bit) NTSC TV screenshot (Apple IIGS)


The Duel: Test Drive II

^ 2016-01-28 (last revised 2017-12-22)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Viatel & CompuServe Pacific


My starter pack for Viatel (Telecom Australia's Videotex service)



It's a curious fact that Viatel's online telephone directory would show most unlisted numbers.  Once, I exploited this loophole to recover some Apple II disks I had lent someone who showed no intention of returning them.  I only had a name to go on but with Viatel was able to track down his phone number.  He didn't seem at all pleased to hear from me and sullenly asked "how did you get this number?"  But at least I got back what was rightfully mine...


Viatel magazine from 1988  (later the service was renamed "Discovery")




Two messages I received on Viatel in 1988 recent rediscovery!

[Hardcopies to Epson LX-86 from Auto Ice Apple II card modem with onboard Viatel comms software]



 CompuServe magazines



Index of their computer forums, usage tips... and tariffs (yikes!)



CompuServe in Australia was just way too expensive for anything more than the occasional use and when connected you always felt like a panic attack was imminent.  Though I did find it useful for contacting US software companies to request catalogues and such. 

A printout I made ca. 1991 showing "CIS" addresses of various companies

I must have acted on this public plea urging people to pressure gaming companies to support the Apple IIGS


My quick reference chart of favoured CompuServe destinations


But well before the advent of Viatel and CompuServe Pacific, there was "The Australian Beginning" - launched in March 1982 it was Australia's first online information service, modelled after "The Source" in the United States

 "The Apple II is well-supported on the Australian Beginning, with over 1000 programs available" 


^ 2016-03-25 (last revised 2018-01-12)

AlphaSmart Pro keyboard

What is it?  The AlphaSmart Pro is a standalone "memory keyboard" for typing up things whilst away from your computer.  It features compact size (thus easy to carry around), simple text editing functions, small LCD screen showing 4 lines at a time, supports 8 separate files, and 2 regular AA batteries provide enough juice to keep it running for days on end.  All data is retained even whilst turned off (a replaceable lithium battery provides secondary backup if AA batteries are dead or removed).  Hotplug the AlphaSmart to the ADB port of a Mac/Apple IIGS or PS/2 port of a PC (well, I personally wouldn't risk it with PS/2) and it should show up as a regular keyboard.  Open your preferred word processor, hit "send" and the active file gets zapped across like an ultra-fast typist.



Hands on with the AlphaSmart Pro keyboard - I found it to be a real time-saver for compiling lists of scattered Apple II documentation!



AlphaSmart Pro plugged into ADB port (above) and text dumped into MS Word (below)

^ 2016-02-01

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Enhanced Apple //e clone


In early February 2016, I came upon this enticing enhanced Apple IIe clone on eBay - and bought it.  A copy of the NTSC Apple IIe, equipped with an extended 80-column card and Disk II interface (both cloned), plus a genuine Apple Super Serial Card.  The eBay seller (in Canada) had disassembled the machine and taken these nice photos:-




[photos courtesy of eBay]

 The underside of the motherboard shows a date of 1985.  On startup, it displays "Apple //e" which is consistent with an enhanced IIe.  (Non-enhanced would show "Apple ][" though on a clone it could be anything) 



Apple User July 1985 Asian Apple IIe clone story


 Erratum: "model with a separate keyboard" probably should read "model with an extra keypad"


[from Apple User July 1985 - scan courtesy of SpeedyG ]


This style of clone is quite familiar to me.  My cousin in Perth had one, purchased in Hong Kong.  It resembled the clone above except it also had a numeric keypad.  His was the exact model shown in the following photos (from opportune sighting on Australian eBay):-



[photos courtesy of eBay Australia]


Comparing the motherboard to the "Canadian" unit above, they are almost identical.  The keyboard is also the same, as is the case, apart from the numeric keypad.  The auxiliary slot is adjacent to the power supply, like an American IIe.  Typical of look-alike clones from the Far East, the rear case openings mimic the simpler Apple II+ style.  Somebody stuck on the Apple II Europlus badge (!), but more likely than not this clone was originally sold unbranded.  The clone my cousin had was unenhanced which I would expect to be true of this one.

I've seen such clones being sold in Hong Kong firsthand, and from what I recall, the asking price was roughly HKD$1500—1800.  The variant with numeric keypad naturally cost more, and you could choose between 128K or 64K (i.e. with or without extended 80 column card), and a 110V or 220V power supply.  The shopkeeper informed me that only unenhanced clones were available (perhaps enhanced units could be provided "under the table" if one were insistent enough, but I honestly don't know).  Incidentally, the numeric keypad of these clones is integrated with the main keyboard so that only a single lead runs to the motherboard keyboard connector.  As with the American IIe (but unlike the PAL, International NTSC and French-Canadian IIe), there is no rocker switch under the keyboard, although there may be DIP switches or jumpers on the clone motherboard for changing keyboard layouts.

I found proof that these Apple IIe clones were also being actively imported and sold in Australia [see HERE]


 Motherboard appears to be a straight IIe copy with 4 labelled ROMs - CD, EF, Video & Keyboard - so very likely compatible with the genuine Apple IIe Enhancement Kit which consists of 65C02 CPU and 3 enhanced ROMs - CD & EF (both 28 pin) and Video (character generator)

And someone in Melbourne posted photos HERE of another IIe clone housed in the same case (minus numeric keypad) - it has a Seasonic power supply (like the one on Australian eBay above), many peripheral cards (including PAL encoder), and shows "][E" on startup.  I suspect this may be a PAL-variant IIe clone (I've seen similar ones on European eBay, e.g. see HERE - notice how the video ROM has 28 pins (vs 24 pins of the American NTSC IIe).  The missing ROM should be CF, same as that found on platinum IIe).


Astonishingly, this style of clone was also imported from Taiwan to Bulgaria and badged as the "Pravetz 8E" but with an important distinction - it had an actual PAL motherboard layout (auxiliary slot in line with slot 3) [see discussion HERE] - I'm not aware of PAL Apple IIe lookalike clones ever being sold in Asia so this model was likely custom produced for Bulgaria and is truly rare.  Also, the rear of the case has more openings than the "Canadian" and "Australian" variants we have seen, although the keyboard remains the same.  (The motherboard appears identical to a genuine Apple IIe PAL motherboard - exact same layout and markings - but minus Apple branding and presumably fitted with cheaper components and knockoff ROMs. The plot thickens...)


[photos courtesy of 'galinpetkov' & Apple Fritter]


My cousin's clone would show "COMPUTER" on startup - this meant that ProDOS had to be patched for compatibility [patched ProDOS available HERE or try the new ProDOS 2.4.1 HERE].  In every other respect, it behaved just like a genuine unenhanced IIe.  Eventually, I suggested to him to get it enhanced in order to keep up with the latest software offerings.  Taking it to an authorized Apple dealer was obviously not an option.  Fortunately, Mr S.R. of Perth used to offer the enhancement service so we paid him a visit.  He had the 65c02 CPU and enhanced ROMs at the ready (burned copies, of course) and after inspecting the clone, told us that one of the chips was different from the regular (PAL) IIe but he had the correct part on hand.  (He must have been alluding to the character generator (video) ROM of the clone being of the American IIe variety i.e. 24 pin).  The upgrade was an unmitigated success - it now showed "Apple //e" on startup and could run any software compatible with enhanced IIe, including programs requiring MouseText.

  I once knew somebody who bought an Apple II Plus look-alike in Hong Kong for use in Australia. It was unbranded (the lid had the proper indentation for the logo) but for an additional fee, the shop quietly slipped him a sealed envelope. They instructed him to only open it once back in Australia!  And it turned out to be a sticker with a good 1:1 colour reproduction of the "Apple ][" badge.  True story.


The old unenhanced ROMs from my cousin's IIe clone were given to me for safekeeping.  I still have them - some pics:-


So if ever I wanted to "de-enhance" the Canadian clone I purchased from eBay, I could just swap in these chips (along with the 6502 CPU which I also held onto).


  On closer inspection it won't be that straightforward as the Canadian clone has a ROM marked "CF" which is the same as that found in the platinum Apple //e.  CF ROM merges the CD & EF ROMs of the earlier IIe into a single chip.  Hence one would need an unenhanced version of this ROM, perhaps taken from a similar clone, or custom-made, as Apple never produced an unenhanced CF ROM..  What joy!


    TO SUMMARIZE — Asian Apple IIe clones come in several distinct flavours.  One type has a "standard" motherboard with 4 ROM configuration of a real IIe - CD, EF, Video, Keyboard - and hence compatible with the genuine Apple IIe Enhancement Kit (if not already enhanced).  Some combine the CD and EF ROMs into a single chip - equivalent to "CF" ROM of the platinum //e (NB: genuine CF ROM is always enhanced but this mightn't be true of a clone).  Both 24 pin and 28 pin Video ROMs are seen (single character set for 24 pin - typically USA ; dual character set for 28 pin - e.g. USA plus UK, French, German etc depending on the target market.  The clone motherboards could be pre-configured for either NTSC or PAL output - the Video ROM type gives a clue but it really depends on other hardware).  Other variations may be observed, yet all conform to an American layout with the auxiliary slot located next to the power supply.  (The exception being the rather unique Pravetz 8E which may not be a true clone as the PAL motherboard appears to be sourced from Apple, though the case and keyboard are undoubtedly of Asian clone origin)    



Enhanced Apple //e clone (NTSC)


The IIe clone from Canada arrived at my doorstep on 29 February 2016 - an "odd" date but not jinxed in any way...



Rear view of the Apple //e clone showing the ports, case openings (][+ style), and 110V power supply (I'll use a step-down transformer)



Close-ups of the keyboard.  Note the "non-infringing" fruity design of the open and closed apple keys.



 Close-ups of the power supply and motherboard.  The CPU is indeed a 65c02.  The speaker had come loose during the long journey from Canada and I had to glue it back in the right spot.  Aside from that, everything else looks healthy.  And in case you were wondering, the DIP switches near the keyboard connectors are for changing the layout of certain punctuation keys.



First power up with only an extended 80 column card in the auxiliary slot.  The motherboard power LED lit up and a reassuring beep issued from the speaker.  I ran the composite video to my LG 47" LCD TV (model 47LK950S).


 "Apple //e" - as promised



I ran the Apple IIe self-diagnostic test (CTRL-OPEN APPLE-CLOSED APPLE-RESET) - System OK !


80 column card working fine.  The clone outputs a proper NTSC (60Hz).  I'm very impressed with the LG TV's extreme clarity in composite video mode, certainly as good as any monitor, something I hadn't expected. (I have the composite output of my Apple IIGS hooked up to a CRT TV, and there the 80 column text is readable, but a little fuzzy)

Playing around with the keyboard, I soon discovered an "undocumented" feature of this clone.  Holding down the CTRL and SHIFT keys together with any other key (alphanumeric or punctuation) triggers some commonly used Applesoft commands.  In the above example - HOME ; PR# ; NEW ; REM ; TEXT ; XDRAW etc. - were automatically generated via these special "macro" keystrokes.  (My cousin's IIe clone lacked this funky facility)

Many moons ago, someone had loaned me an Apple II+ clone with a similar feature but it had the macros printed on the keycaps (that clone was not a "look-alike" but built more in the style of a Commodore 64).

Here are photos of an Apple II+ clone with an example of such a macro keyboard (from an eBay listing).  Notice how this machine has the same case type as my newly acquired IIe clone!


[photos courtesy of eBay]


This clone was even sold in Germany and I found pics of a modded version with IIe-style backplate HERE


Jameco Electronics imported this keyboard/case to the USA - I scanned the following ad from the October 1989 issue of inCider/A+



The ad refers to "predefined function keys" - implying that the macros are built into the keyboard and work independently of the motherboard


Well getting back to the unpacking...


Close-ups of the extended 80-column text card and Disk II interface card (both cloned) (also supplied was a genuine Apple Super Serial Card not depicted here)

This cloned Disk ][ interface was made in Taiwan - see HERE


I wanted to test out a half-height Apple II disk drive (Meiji 128 / FD-103) that I'd recently acquired.  "New old" stock - still in its original box, and in pristine condition!





Ad for Meiji Apple II disk drive from the September 1989 issue of inCider/A+ - it retailed for $79 USD



Disk drive connected to Disk II interface card (in slot 6)



 Apple IIe Diagnostic reports an "Apple IIe Enhanced".  MouseText is working.  So this IIe clone is enhanced, no doubt about it.


Fine looking NTSC color palette


How about we soup up this system?  I have here a RamWorks II 1MB and TransWarp accelerator, both made by Applied Engineering.  I got them very recently and haven't had a chance to play with them as yet.  (Nor do I have prior experience with these cards, although in the past, I did have a //e with AE RamFactor 1MB and TransWarp II)


RamWorks II close-up, and after installation in auxiliary slot of the enhanced Apple IIe clone


WORD OF CAUTION: RamWorks II won't physically fit inside a PAL or "international NTSC" Apple //e, for which you need a RamWorks III - see discussion HERE


 Close-up of the Applied Engineering TransWarp (with latest v1.4 ROM)  |--|  Upon installation in slot 3  |--|  Key features of TransWarp from manual




An unmodified AppleWorks 3.0 reports 687K available on the desktop, so the RamWorks is being picked up and utilized


AE RAM diagnostic successfully passed



TransWarp startup logo & built-in diagnostic test - AOK !



GAME & APPLICATION SCREENSHOTS:   Pooyan, Black Magic, Mouse Desk  [ double hi-res ], Dazzle Draw  [ double hi-res ], Fantavision, Fat City, Mr Do!, Apple Invaders, Create with Garfield!, Choplifter, Spiderbot  [ double hi-res ], Rad Warrior  [ double hi-res ], Dino Eggs (1988 Softdisk edition), Bruce Lee  [ double hi-res title ], BurgerTime, Microwave, Congo Bongo 

Enhanced Apple IIe NTSC clone  —(RCA composite)—>  LG 47" LCD TV




Dazzle Draw & Fantavision Apple II (8-bit) manuals  Fantavision At-A-Glance (Apple II 8-bit)







Dino Eggs (Softdisk 1988 reissue)        Dino Eggs original Apple II box (1983 Micro Fun)

[Dino Eggs manual & disk scans now available HERE]





But is bigger better??  I have this Shinco MDP-1770 portable DVD player with 7" LCD display which also functions as a composite monitor.

It supports PAL & NTSC and sports a mini-jack for video input/output (selectable).  Mine came standard with rechargeable battery pack (removable), AC power adapter (100-240 VAC), car power adapter (plugs into cigarette lighter), and remote control unit.  The 7" display has a horizontal resolution of 500 lines, according to the manual.



Screenshots of Aztec on the Shinco MDP-1770 - as output by NTSC Apple IIe clone



And the same scene from my PAL Apple IIe...



With its rechargeable battery pack and car power adapter, the Shinco would make a decent portable screen for, say, an Apple IIc.  Don't know if they are still available though.  In the USA, it appears to have been sold under the brand name "Mintek", and depending on the specific revision may or may not support video input [see discussion HERE and HERE]




And for heavy number crunching we have this...


 Apple IIe external numeric keypad 

 (generic style - made in Taiwan)


This keypad was evidently designed with the clone //e in mind - the moulded strain relief fits perfectly into one of my clone's rear case openings




Fully loaded Apples always benefit from a...


 Kensington System Saver 

 (clip-on fan & surge suppressor - 115V model)



see also my scan of System Saver IIGS Instructions & photos of original box


And keep that weight off with an...


 Apple II Monitor Stand 

(part #815-0540 REV. A)




^ 2016-03-01 (last revised 2018-01-02)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Following link has much interesting background on the Apple II clones of Hong Kong and Taiwan along with rare scans of original product brochures:-

In the Far East, South Korea also cloned the Apple II intensively, one example being the Intertek System IV (close-up photos HERE).  Mainland China had various clones among them the Fujianese「福桔」("Blessed Tangerine" with connotation of "luck" 吉) and the well-known CEC-I that was aimed at the education sector (there also exists a CEC-IIe of uncertain provenance... from China?  California?).  Creative Technology of Singapore made the Cubic 99, a non-infringing clone with 6502/Z80 dual processor and inbuilt Chinese/English speech synthesizer.  Singapore is of course better known as a key site for manufacture of genuine Apples, with some production spilling over into Malaysia e.g. Apple IIe motherboards.  Other genuine Apple II components sourced from Asia would include monitors (Japan, South Korea, Taiwan), power supplies (Astec in Hong Kong), keyboards (Japan, Taiwan) etc.  An enhanced Apple IIe clone, the Microdigital TK3000 IIe, hailed from Brazil.  The ASEM AM 100 was an Italian made Apple ][+ clone with detached keyboard, and Basis 108 was a high-end ][+ clone from West Germany with integrated Z80 CPU for running CP/M.  Micro-Sci in the USA made an Apple IIe clone the Havac (close-up photos HERE).  But by far the most well-known American clones were the Franklin ACE series.  Canada had its own indigenous Apple II clone known as the Orangepeel

Brochure for "Pineapple" Apple II clone from the above Apple Logic page:-

[Scan courtesy of Apple Logic]


I knew a classmate who had an Apple II clone with IBM XT-style case (I assume he got it from Malaysia where he was originally from). It may have been similar to the Pineapple DP-64E but I don't recall seeing any Pineapple badge.


A surprising discovery in my collection - an authentic Pineapple-branded floppy disk:-


There are some Pineapple close-up photos available HERE and HERE




  High quality scans of Pineapple Operation Manual






A succulent Pineapple mouse pad from Woolworths!


The Apple II clones of Asia (May 24, 1982 TIME)


Advertisement for "Pineapple" - sold in kit form

& "Customs Service to Seize Bogus Apples" (February 1983 BYTE)



"Precedent-setting injunction" (May 30, 1983 InfoWorld)


Advertisement for "Pinecom" - back in business with a new moniker

64K Starter & DP-64E Business models (September 1984 Radio-Electronics)


Did you know?!


 Asian Apple planned to kill off the fakes 


Sydney Morning Herald
Monday, December 3, 1984

  APPLE Computer of California is planning to produce a purely Asian Apple which will be manufactured and assembled partially in Hong Kong or Singapore and partially in China. Apple's international markets manager, Mr Jon Covington, said: "That is my plan to have a truly Chinese Apple II Plus or an Apple IIe that cannot be re-exported to another country." Some months ago, an Apple vice-president, Mr John Cavalier, who has since left Apple, said the manufacturing cost could be less than $300. Mr Covington was not able to give any firm indication of the date when such a model might be released, but he indicated that the development of such a machine was part of Apple's plan to kill off fake Apples certainly as far as China was concerned. One problem that still has to be solved is the production of acceptable Chinese characters by the computer. Hong Kong- and Taiwan-made boards do produce such characters but they are not of an acceptable standard. Apple is in the middle of converting its Macintosh to produce characters for the Japanese market, and a modification of that program may be used on the projected Chinese Apple.  




A typical Apple II Plus lookalike clone from Hong Kong (1983) complete with clone manuals:-



This unit may have been modified along the lines of the Apple II Europlus (i.e. PAL 50Hz B&W output via the motherboard RCA video jack), however the typical Apple II clone purchased in H.K. with monochrome composite monitor would have a fully NTSC motherboard (even if the PSU and monitor were rated 220-240V - H.K. itself runs on 220V).  For clones fitted with PAL colour encoder card in slot 7, perhaps a PAL hardware modification was mandatory.  But without doubt any type of system could be tailor-made on request!  H.K. residents themselves had no need for the PAL encoder as their TVs were multi-system.  So I assume the PAL "Eurapple" mod was mostly reserved for units bound for resellers in Europe/Australia/New Zealand...


So far as I can make out, the slots are populated as follows: 16K RAM card (slot 0), Grappler+ (slot 1), 80-column card (slot 3), Z80 SoftCard (slot 4), Disk II card (slot 6), PAL encoder & RF modulator card (slot 7)

[above photos and seller's description courtesy of eBay Australia]

A period photo of a similar unbranded Apple ][+ clone from Hong Kong is HERE.  And see HERE for the H.K. lookalike clone known as "Banana" (I've used one of these before - it would show "BANANA" on startup in place of "APPLE ][").



Ads for "Banana" Apple ][+ clone in Electronics Australia (Feb 1984) & Sydney Morning Herald (Jan 1984)

 The Banana had a green coloured motherboard with standard ][+ layout (8 slots), and could of course be configured for 64K with the addition of a language card in slot 0



The lookalike clones of Hong Kong mimicked the classic American Apple II Plus, and hundreds of thousands were surely sold.  All sported the same form factor but with slight variations depending on who supplied the case, keyboard, motherboard, and power supply.  The cases could range in colour from an Apple beige to a quartzite white.



Apple ][+ clone motherboard (same type as the 1983 unit above) and clone Wildcard  [photos courtesy of eBay] - see HERE for Wildcard clone ad


Bypass the middleman - buy direct from Hong Kong (March 1983 Electronics Australia)




  Colour scans of rare Apple II clone and peripheral advertisements from Computer Products trade journal 1983-86 - 29 pages




We've already encountered Pineapple and Banana... another fruity clone is the "Pear II" - one of the first Apple II clones to emerge in Europe - see 1981 Pearcom advertisement (U.K. and Holland)


Luscious fruits in Australia?


Microsoft SoftCard "cloned" manuals

  (special thanks to James Kunz for the loan)




Apple Logo pirated manuals & original disk (cvxmelody collection)


Still more cloned manuals...
Apple Music Theory (MECC), Apple Pascal Operating System Reference Manual, Super Serial Card, Apple Pascal Language Reference Manual,

Apple FORTRAN Language Reference Manual, Apple Language System Installation and Operation Manual, Apple PILOT Language Reference Manual, Apple PILOT Editors Manual


1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8  (courtesy eBay)


"Malum ][" — Apple II Plus (NTSC) lookalike clone from South Korea (1983)


[photos courtesy of eBay]

This "Malum ][" clone from Korea has 4 slots instead of the standard 8.  The 16K language card (normally in slot 0) appears to be integrated.  (Some Malums did have more slots - e.g. see HERE]


Review of "Laser 128" Apple IIc clone by Cynthia E. Field (May 5, 1986 InfoWorld)

 A reverse-engineered, fully legal clone from Hong Kong - as the ROMs weren't direct copies of the Apple, it offered good but not perfect software compatibility


The Laser ROMs underwent continual revision and many of the issues noted in this early review were subsequently addressed.  By 1988, around the time the Laser 128EX/2 was introduced, software compatibility was as high as "99.8%" from some accounts.


Assorted Laser 128 & 128EX ROM versions (see also YouTube - HERE & HERE)


NB: Laser 128/128EX share identical ROMs, 128EX/2 has different ROMs which may also work on the 128/128EX - see discussion HERE


I was rather fascinated to learn that the Laser 128EX and 128EX/2 were engineered from the ground up to run at 3.6MHz, unlike the Apple IIc Plus which employed a caching accelerator (essentially an integrated Zip Chip) - see discussion HERE


Apple IIc Plus & Laser 128EX/2 The Next Generation (November 1988 A+)



Laser 128, 128EX & EX/2 ads (1990-91 inCider/A+)




Laser as mainstream consumer product

Major department stores like Sears in the U.S. marketed the Laser 128 series to the wider public with great success

Sears in Honolulu (personal photo of Dec 2009)


Laser 128 Series manual (128, 128EX, 128 EX/2)




Ad for VTech Laser 3000 & FD 100 disk drive

An earlier model, the Laser 3000 was imported to Australia & New Zealand by Dick Smith Electronics and rebranded as the 'Cat'


It offered broad Apple ][+ compatibility with extras like 2MHz CPU, improved BASIC, 560x192 colour graphics, in-built 80 columns, RGB output, 280x192 RGB bit-image graphics (8 colours with no limitations), and even a 3 channel sound generator chip